Mosquito Creek Lake, Ohio, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Midwest - Ohio - Northeast -

Also known as:  Mosquito Creek Reservoir, Mosquito Lake

Mosquito Creek Lake is one of the highlights of Northeast Ohio. At 7850 acres, it is the second largest inland lake in the state. Also known as Mosquito Creek Reservoir, Mosquito Creek Lake is located just outside of Cortland and only 50 miles East of Cleveland. The area surrounding Mosquito Creek Lake is a mixture of beautiful countryside and suburban neighborhoods. The lake travels nine miles through Trumbull County, and people from all around travel to this lake every year to take advantage of its amazing recreational opportunities, which include fishing and wildlife observation. Its 40 miles of shoreline are easily accessible from the five recreational facilities maintained by the Corps of Engineers and the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

The Mosquito Creek Lake project was authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1938. It is one of sixteen flood control projects in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Pittsburgh District. Mosquito Creek Lake has been in full operation since its completion in 1944. Its impressive rolled earth dam stands 47 ft. high and 5650 ft. long. It’s composed of 271,000 cubic yards of earth and 27,000 cubic yards of rock. The dam enables the lake to hold the equivalent of 29 inches of precipitation. The lake stores the water, which the Corps of Engineers releases downstream during dry periods. One of the truly unique features of Mosquito Creek Lake is its uncontrolled natural spillway at the north end of the lake. When water at the dam reaches an elevation of 904 feet, the flow of water switches direction and flows north through the natural spillway into a tributary of the Grand River, which eventually leads to Lake Erie.

The fishing at Mosquito Creek Lake is like no other. With fishing allowed from a boat or the shoreline, there is opportunity for everyone, and the fish are always biting. Anglers seek out Mosquito Creek Lake to fish for Walleye, Crappie, Bass, Northern Pike, Catfish, Yellow Perch, and Bluegill. This migration of anglers doesn’t stop when the weather turns cold. Mosquito Creek Lake is also known for it’s amazing ice fishing. Daring cold-weather anglers can expect to pull Walleye and Pan fish from the icy waters. When you are done fishing but not ready to go home, the challenging tail waters below the dam offer a great opportunity for anglers to practice their skills.

Fishing isn’t the only reason people make the pilgrimage to this amazing lake. From sailboats to powerboats, boats of all types can be found on Mosquito Creek Lake. Most of the lake allows unlimited horsepower, which is very attractive to boating enthusiasts usually faced with restrictions. The small handful of restricted speed zones is clearly marked and identifiable. It is also a popular site for water skiing and jet skiing. The swimming beach and picnic areas along Mosquito Creek Lake allow people the opportunity to just come and enjoy the view of this majestic lake.

Mosquito Lake State Park provides 234 campsites, so visitors are more than welcome to stay awhile. While you’re there you can take advantage of the miles of trails designed for walking, hiking, snowmobiling, horseback riding, and biking. The wildlife refuge at the north end of the dam, although closed to the public except for guided tours, is Ohio’s finest wildlife viewing area. From almost anywhere around the lake, you have the opportunity to see Red-tailed Hawks, March Hawks, Sparrow Hawks, Bald Eagles, Osprey, Goshawks, and Blue Heron. Mosquito Creek Lake is clearly a bird watcher’s paradise. The wildlife refuge is also the home of the Massasauga Rattlesnake, one of the rarest reptiles in the state of Ohio.

Mosquito Creek Lake truly has something for everyone so be sure to add it to your year-round destination list. While you’re there be sure to call about a tour of the Operation Tower.

Things to do at Mosquito Creek Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Ice Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Jet Skiing
  • Water Skiing
  • Camping
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Snowmobiling
  • Horseback Riding
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • State Park

Fish species found at Mosquito Creek Lake

  • Bass
  • Bluegill
  • Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Northern Pike
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Sunfish
  • Walleye
  • Yellow Perch

Mosquito Creek Lake Photo Gallery

Mosquito Creek Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Surface Area: 7,850 acres

Shoreline Length: 40 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 901 feet

Minimum Elevation (Min Pond): 869 feet

Maximum Elevation (Max Pond): 904 feet

Average Depth: 11 feet

Maximum Depth: 44 feet

Water Volume: 86,350 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1944

Drainage Area: 97 sq. miles

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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