Lake of the Ozarks, Missouri, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Midwest - Missouri - Central -

Also known as:  Lake Ozark

Painting plains of central Missouri a liquid blue, Lake of the Ozarks snakes its way through the landscape. Just 180 miles from St. Louis and 170 miles from Kansas City, the lake provides visitors and area residents with a 55,000-acre aquatic playground suited to any taste and preference.

Lake of the Ozarks winds its way for 92 miles and boasts more than 1,150 miles of shoreline – longer than the entire California coastline! As large as the lake is, it’s sometimes difficult to believe that it hasn’t been around forever. However, the lake’s origins began in 1929, when the Union Electric Company began construction of the Bagnell Dam on the Osage River. The dam was built during the Great Depression, with 4,600 workers sweating to build what was once the largest man-made lake in the world. The lake was opened to the public in 1931, and has since served as a prime vacation destination. Today, AmerenUE, successor to Union Electric, operates the dam and power plant.

Sometimes called the “Midwest Coast,” the Lake of the Ozarks is somewhat unique in that most of its shoreline is privately owned. However, 17,600 acres were set aside for a national park in the 1920’s. After state acquisition in 1946, the reserved acres are today home to the Lake of the Ozarks State Park, the largest state park in Missouri.

As a lake recreation hotspot, it makes sense to begin your visit at the state park, a stretch of emerald forest and quiet lake coves. As a haven for outdoor enthusiasts, Lake of the Ozarks State Park offers hiking and biking trails along its 80 miles of lake shoreline. Meander through rocky hilltops, glimpse distant, picturesque bluffs, cool off in babbling brooks, wander by natural caves, and watch as Missouri flora and fauna fill the path with sights both new and old.

Camping at the state park is a perennial favorite, and there are both primitive and electric campsites offered, including four organized group camps. For many nature lovers, spending at least one night under the starry Missouri sky is an experience not soon forgotten. When you wake up to songbirds instead of an alarm, you may soon decide that camping lakeside is the biggest luxury there is.

When you’re ready to head out onto the lake, consider spending at least part of your day fishing. Known as one of Missouri’s premier fishing destinations, Lake of the Ozarks hides beneath its waters teeming populations of black bass, bluegill, catfish, crappie, largemouth bass, paddlefish, smallmouth bass, spotted bass, and walleye. The lake is particularly strong in bass fishing. Tournaments are held each year, with winners often catching personal and state records.

Of course, a sunny summer weekend at Lake of the Ozarks is incomplete without a refreshing dip in the lake’s clean waters. Swimming is allowed anywhere in the lake, though visitors often gather at the reservoir’s two public sandy beaches in Lake Ozark State Park. Another favorite option is taking time to stop, drop anchor, and jump off your rental boat, taking pleasure in deep waters and relative solitude.

Anderson Hollow Cove within the state park is known as Party Cove, one of the most popular boating gathering places in the USA. Thousands of boats tie up on busy summer weekends, so extra precaution should be taken while navigating in and around this party atmosphere.

For watersport lovers, Lake of the Ozarks offers myriad options, including fast-paced speedboat rentals, waterskiing, tubing, kneeboarding, parasailing, wakeboarding, scuba diving, and even excursion cruises. Whether you’re seeking to get your adrenaline flowing, or are just looking to explore the peaceful, sloping shoreline of this beautiful water paradise, the lake’s options are sure to satisfy your desires.

Lake of the Ozarks enjoys an incredible location set into the hills of the Ozarks and accented by celestial blue waters. Offering many amenities, like five star restaurants and beautiful hotels, the lake also invites visitors to enjoy the quiet beauty of their surroundings. After just a few moments here, the lake’s diversity and gentle attitude will soon win you over.

Things to do at Lake of the Ozarks

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Water Skiing
  • Wakeboarding
  • Parasailing
  • Tubing
  • Scuba Diving
  • Camping
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • State Park
  • National Park
  • Playground

Fish species found at Lake of the Ozarks

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Bluegill
  • Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Paddlefish
  • Perch
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Spotted Bass
  • Sunfish
  • Walleye

Lake of the Ozarks Photo Gallery

Lake of the Ozarks Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: AmerenUE

Surface Area: 55,000 acres

Shoreline Length: 1,150 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 660 feet

Average Depth: 70 feet

Maximum Depth: 130 feet

Water Volume: 2,000,000 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1931

Water Residence Time: 5 months

Drainage Area: 14,000 sq. miles

Trophic State: Meso-eutrophic

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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