Independence Lakes, Idaho, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - West - Idaho - South Central -

Independence Lakes in Idaho’s Sawtooth National Forest are at the end of one of south central Idaho’s most popular hiking trails in the Albion Mountains. The four tiny alpine lakes require a three-mile hike to reach, but the trail is only moderately difficult and suitable for families with pre-teen children. The trailhead is located not far from a climber’s delight, City of Rocks, and offers the possibility of a trout or Arctic grayling as entree to the usual backpacker’s fare.

The largest lake has about a half-mile of shoreline, and the others are considerably smaller. This unnamed lake, usually referred to as the second lake, receives the benefit of regular stocking by Idaho Fish and Game. Arctic grayling, cutthroat trout and California golden trout have been stocked, but anglers say the lake also contains rainbow trout, largemouth bass and bluegills. The first, or lowest elevation lake, is also reported to hold fish, while the two highest are said to be unproductive for fishermen. Although there are no official statistics for the lakes, depths are reported to vary from 10 to 60 feet.

A small primitive campground at the Independence Lakes trailhead is accessible by car. The campground can be reached most years between July and October and contains pit toilets, picnic tables, grills and livestock corrals. There is no drinking water available. Horse camping is encouraged, but any hay brought in must be certified weed-free to avoid invasive species contamination of the area. As the campsites are handicapped accessible, this is one of a few areas where disabled persons can get off the main highways and enjoy nature. Some hardy backpackers may choose to climb the trail and camp near the lakes themselves but due to rocky terrain and slopes, there are few spots for pitching a tent near the lakes. The trailhead camping area is at about 8000 feet above sea level, and the lakes range in elevation from about 8890 feet to 9200 feet.

From the trailhead, hikers can choose to take the trail in two different directions. One leads to Independence Lakes where confident hikers may climb above the lakes to a ridge and see all four lakes from that vantage point. Most casual hikers go only as far as the larger second lake. If hikers choose to take the Rangers Trail, which branches from the Independence Lakes Trail, they can bear south over a series of switchbacks to the saddle between Green and Grape Creeks, a length of 11 miles. The beginning portion of Rangers Trail is open to motorized vehicles but is too narrow for ATVs. The Independence Lakes Trail is closed to motorized traffic. Both trails are scenic with views of nearby peaks in the Albion Mountain Range.

Visiting Independence Lakes is often part of a longer excursion to nearby City of Rocks National Reserve. This well-known climbers’ destination is actually a historic part of the 1840s Oregon and California trails. Future gold miners were impressed with the extensive spires of rocks in the Circle Creek valley and called them the City of Rocks. The area was a local tourism attraction for many years and became a popular spot for photography and rock climbing. In 1988, City of Rocks was incorporated into the National Parks system. More recently, another group of granite rock spires became a state park five miles to the north of City of Rocks. Known as Castle Rocks, the spires are a prominent feature of the valleys of Little Cove and Almo Creeks. Castle Rocks State Park offers camping facilities, ranger services and facilities for horse camping.

The largest city near Independence Lakes is Burley, Idaho, about 25 miles to the north. The area near Burley and Independence Lakes can form the basis of a complete vacation featuring fishing and watersports on the Snake River, soaking in one of the many family-friendly hot springs or spas, downhill skiing in the Sawtooth Mountains, and hiking on more trails than any trekker could ever hope to traverse. A favorite of bird watchers is the Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge at nearby Lake Walcott, northeast of Burley, where over 40 breeding pairs of white pelicans can be seen. Burley itself offers all amenities: golf courses, movies, eating establishments, outdoor stores and outfitters. and guest facilities. The city holds several parks, including Storybook Park and a skate park. Mountain biking trails are also available in the area.

Campgrounds, guest ranches, private cottages, and small motels in the area cater to tourists. A few bed-and-breakfasts are available. Independence Lakes awaits your fly presentation, so bring your rod and tackle and try to snag one of the Arctic grayling or trout lurking beneath the rocks. Whether you catch anything or not, this will be one of the most scenic vacations of your lifetime. Make sure you bring the camera. There are bound to be so

*All statistics are based on available estimates.

Things to do at Independence Lakes

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Rock Climbing
  • Biking
  • Downhill Skiing
  • Horseback Riding
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • National Wildlife Refuge
  • State Park
  • National Park
  • National Forest

Fish species found at Independence Lakes

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Bluegill
  • Cutthroat Trout
  • Golden Trout
  • Grayling
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Trout

Independence Lakes Photo Gallery

Independence Lakes Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

Minimum Elevation (Min Pond): 8,880 feet

Maximum Elevation (Max Pond): 9,180 feet

Average Depth: 10 feet

Maximum Depth: 60 feet

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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