Grindon Lough, England, United Kingdom

Lake Locations:

United Kingdom - England - North East England -

Grindon Lough is a beautiful country lake found among the hills and dales of North East England. Set within the southern boundary of Northumberland National Park, Grindon Lough is managed as a National Nature Reserve by Northumberland Wildlife Trust. There is no public access to the lake, but birdwatchers often gather along the roadside to observe huge flocks of wildfowl that grace Grindon’s shores.

Grindon Lough is a natural glacially carved lake covering approximately 22 acres. Water volume fluctuates dramatically depending on the inflow from local precipitation and an unnamed stream. Outflow is believed to drain through the lake’s limestone basin. With less than a six-foot maximum depth and one-mile shoreline, Grindon Lough is the smallest and shallowest of four natural lakes found at the south end of Northumberland National Park in Cumbria County.

Known as the Roman Wall Loughs, the natural lakes Crag Lough, Greenlee Lough and Broomlee Lough all fall within six miles north and west of Grindon Lough. From approximately AD 43 to 410 the Roman Empire occupied portions of Great Britain, naming the land Britannia. During the reign of Emperor Publius Aelius Hadrianus (AD 117 to 138), the 73-mile east-west wall was built across England. Whether the wall was built to mark Rome’s northern boundary, create a defense against northern invasion, or occupy the time of Rome’s isolated soldiers is still under discussion. Today, ruins of walls, forts, towers and old gateways that dot Hadrian’s Wall have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Grindon Lough is best viewed from the old Roman road now named Stanegate (or stone road). The road runs near the south shore of Grindon Lough at an elevation sufficient to view birds and wildfowl that frequent the reserve. The water is too shallow to attract diving ducks, but wading species can be observed around the marsh vegetation which includes bottle sedge, water horsetail, mare’s-tail, marsh cinquefoil, meadow sweet and water forget-me-nots. Among the wildfowl gracing Grindon Lough are graylag geese, pink footed geese, bean geese, whooper swan snipe, golden plover, black-tailed godwit, teal, shoveler, redshank and wigeon. Of special importance are the Greenland white-fronted geese. These geese breed in west Greenland and migrate via Iceland to Ireland and Britain where they winter in the grass pasture fields surrounding Grindon Lough.

While visiting Grindon Lough follow the urge to explore the surrounding countryside. Northumberland National Park has over 600 miles (900 kilometers) of trails running from just south of Crag Lough north to the Scottish border. In the Cheviot Hills marking the border with Scotland you will encounter hill forts dating from 300 BC. The park’s colorful heather moorlands are found in the north and east, hay meadows toward the park’s central region, with peat bogs and remains of ancient woodlands to be explored in the southern half of the park. Whether you walk, horseback ride or cycle, you will find opportunities to enjoy the scenery and observe the Northumberland wildlife.

Trek south of Grindon Lough and Northumberland National Park and you will enter a range of hills called the North Pennines. Designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and a UNESCO Global Geopark, the North Pennines include a unique mix of moors, meadows, rivers, rare flora and fauna. According to the North Pennines AONB Partnership, the region covers almost 770 square miles (2,000 square kilometers) including “40% of the UK’s upland hay meadows; 30% of England’s upland heathland and 27% of its blanket bog; 80% of England’s black grouse; red squirrels, otters and rare arctic alpine plants.”

In the midst of unspoiled wonders and fascinating history, it is not surprising that visitors will find an excellent selection of holiday vacation rentals, bed & breakfasts (B&Bs), self-catering holiday cottages, inns and real estate properties near Grindon Lough. The charming villages of Hexham, located on the River Tyne, and Haydon Bridge, Bardon Mill and Haltwhistle, on River South Tyne, all sit within minutes of Grindon Lough. Offering services, shops and accommodations, these market villages make delightful day trips or holiday destinations. Select from camping barns or castles and enjoy your time at lovingly preserved and unforgettably beautiful Grindon Lough.

Things to do at Grindon Lough

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Horseback Riding
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • National Park
  • Ruins

Grindon Lough Photo Gallery

    Grindon Lough Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

    Surface Area: 22 acres

    Shoreline Length: 1 miles

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 656 feet

    Trophic State: Mesotrophic

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

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    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

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    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

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    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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