Fuschlsee, Salzburg, Austria

Lake Locations:

Austria - Salzburg -

Also known as:  Lake Fuschlsee, Lake Fuschl, Fuschl

Fuschlsee (see=lake) is one of a small chain of lakes found in Austria’s Salzkammergut Lake District. This small but popular holiday destination is a sightseeing gem dotted with charming villages, beautiful summer swimming beaches and scenic winter mountain trails. Located in Salzburg Province about 20 miles east of the city of Salzburg, Fuschlsee exudes the essence of Austria. The region is filled with “The Sound of Music” scenes, castle ruins, “holler alms” (mountain hut restaurants) and countless hiking trails all awaiting your discovery.

Formed during Austria’s last ice age, Fuschlsee, Mondsee, Irrsee, and Attersee are directly connected by small rivers. All four lakes are part of the River Ager catchment area with Lake Fuschlee’s outflow feeding Lake Mondsee. People have been drawn to the beauty of this natural glacial lake for centuries. Archeological evidence dates back to the Iron Age with the first historical record of the lakeside community of Fuschl dating back to the eighth century. Resting on an outcrop of Schober Mountain, 13th century Wartenfels Castle sits in ruins overlooking Lake Fuschl. Further evidence of the area’s settlement will be found in the 13th century smoke house found in neighboring Hof Bei Salzburg or an old 1872 mill still operated on a weekly basis.

Visitors will catch glimpses of Austria’s history as they hike through the villages lining the six-mile shore. A well-marked path circles the shore and invites hikers to pause in mountain meadows, take a refreshing dip in one of Fuschlsee’s secluded inlets, or stop for a meal at a lakeshore restaurant. The lakeshore trail is not strenuous, making it ideal for a family outing. Along the south side of the lake you will find additional signage describing the sights of a nature trail. At the southeastern end of Lake Fuschl lies the community of Fuschl am See. From here, visitors can enjoy a hike through the forest continuing toward the southeast and St. Gilgen, the birthplace of Mozart’s mother. Saint Gilgen rests near the shore of Lake Wolfgangsee and offers spectacular views of 5,850-foot Schafber Mountain.

Filbling and Ellmaustain Mountains also rise above the sparkling water and alpine meadows of Lake Fuschl. An easy-paced 90-minute forest hike up Filbling Mountain takes you to Filblingsee, a small mountain lake with a photo-ready view of Lake Fuschl. The climb up Ellmaustein peak is short but strenuous and worth the climb for the photographic views.

After an enjoyable hike there is nothing more relaxing and refreshing than a pleasant swim in a secluded bay or along Fuschl’s gently sloped shore. Visitors can select from multiple public and private swimming beaches around Lake Fuschlsee. Despite reaching a chilly depth of 221 feet and average depth of 123 feet, this snow-fed lake has some of the warmest water in Salzkammergut. Beach amenities vary but often include sunbathing lawns, playgrounds, game courts, restrooms and refreshment stands. Parking fees may apply to public beaches, and entrance fees vary at private beaches.

This small 657-acre lake is an ideal place to learn to sail, canoe or windsurf. Boat rentals and classes for beginners, intermediates and children are available among the villages. To preserve the tranquility of this favorite lake, only electric motors are allowed on Lake Fuschl.

Fishing Lake Fuschlsee has been a longstanding tradition, and it remains one of the most popular fishing lakes in the Salzkammergut Lake District. The district states that Fuschlsee is run by a fishing master who is “responsible for the cultivation but also for direct marketing, processing of fish products, licenses, administration, organization, supply and much more.” Fishing season runs from April 1 to November 30, and a fishing license is required. A daily fishing limit is in place for lake trout, arctic char, brook trout, whitefish, pike, tench, lake carp, eel, perch and chub. No live bait is permitted, and anglers are limited to “2 rods and/or lines with 1 hook and 5 baits per line.”

Amidst all the fishing, fun and scenery of Fuschlsee it is difficult to believe that the area has its dark side. In 1450 the Archbishops of Salzburg built a lakefront country palace along the northwestern shore of Lake Fuschl. Over the centuries the property came into private possession. In 1939 the property was seized for use by the German Foreign Minister, and the landowner was sent to Dachau where he perished. Today the palace has regained its glory and sits on the shore of Lake Fuschlsee as a world-class resort.

A scenic drive to Salzburg will place you at the center of one of Europe’s most beautiful cities. The art, architecture and music found in Salzburg each merit a vacation unto themselves, but day trips can be taken to enjoy a selection of sites including: the Baroque architecture of Salzburg’s Old Town; Hellbrunn and Mirabell Palaces; museums and family homes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; and the world-renown Salzburg Festival.

Seemingly tucked deep in the Austrian countryside, Lake Fuschlsee is only a short drive from Salzburg. Offering a remarkable mix of country charm, luxury resorts and endless outdoor recreation, Fuschlsee has long been a favorite destination for local and international visitors. The villages of Fuschlsee are built with tourism in mind. A marvelous selection of holiday homes, guest houses, hotels and inns will be found among the listings of vacation rentals and real estate properties. Select a view with a golden sunset over the mountains or an ancient castle’s reflection on the lake and let the peace of this valley surround you.

Things to do at Fuschlsee

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Hiking
  • Museum
  • Ruins
  • Playground

Fish species found at Fuschlsee

  • Brook Trout
  • Carp
  • Char
  • Eel
  • Lake Trout
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Tench
  • Trout
  • Whitefish

Fuschlsee Photo Gallery

Fuschlsee Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

Surface Area: 657 acres

Shoreline Length: 6 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 2,175 feet

Average Depth: 123 feet

Maximum Depth: 221 feet

Water Volume: 80,666 acre-feet

Water Residence Time: 3 years

Drainage Area: 11 sq. miles

Trophic State: Eutrophic

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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