Falls Lake, North Carolina, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - South - North Carolina - Piedmont -

In 1978, the United States Army Corps of Engineers began construction on what would become Falls Lake. Formed at the base of the Eno, Flat, and Little Rivers, the lake was created to provide flood control for the Neuse River and to supply water to the capital city of Raleigh. The Corps of Engineers operates Falls Lake Dam, located at the southeastern portion of the lake. The land around the lake is publicly owned, so there is no lakefront residential development. The North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission and the Division of Parks and Recreation manage the land. The lake began filling in 1981 after completion of the dam, and reached conservation pool capacity in 1983 at 251.5 feet above sea level. Since that time Falls Lake has become a major recreation destination in north-central North Carolina.

Located 10 miles north of Raleigh and 12 miles east of Durham, Falls Lake State Recreation Area is actually divided into seven individual park areas: Beaverdam, B.W. Wells, Highway 50, Holly Point, Rolling View, Sandling Beach, and Shinleaf. 12,410 acres of gleaming water await you at Falls Lake, as well as myriad other activities for the whole family.

Boating is, of course, one of the most popular activities at the lake, and you are offered several boat launch locations. Highway 50, Rolling View, and Beaverdam all provide facilities that are open to the public. B.W. Wells and Holly Point offer access to their boat ramp for campers only. Powerboats are allowed in all areas but Beaverdam, so plan your trip accordingly, because with so many acres and coves to explore, boating is one of the best ways to see the entire lake. So bring your boat and sunblock because the crystal waters, emerald green shores, and endless blue sky will make you never want to go back to shore.

Water levels can decrease significantly during periods of drought, so it is best to check with state officials before visiting the lake during dry spells. At the conservation pool level of 251.5 feet above sea level, Falls Lake covers 12,410 acres. At bottom conservation pool level of 236.5 feet, acreage shrinks to 2,600 acres. During the drought of 2007 lake levels dropped almost 10 feet to about 241.6 feet above sea level.

If you’re a lover of nature or simply like to rough it a little bit, Falls Lake Recreation Area offers its guests many camping opportunities, ranging from hike-in primitive camping sites to campsites with water and electric hookups and fully-wired RV sites. Showers are available as well as group campsites that can be booked in advance, accommodating up to 35 people. If you want to get away from it all and enjoy North Carolina?s abundant nature offerings up-close, then pack your tent and prepare yourself for a thoroughly enjoyable experience.

If fishing is your pleasure, Falls Lake is your playground. Stocking programs keep the lake teeming with your next catch: largemouth bass, bluegill, catfish, crappie, and panfish all swim beneath the surface, hiding in the lake’s natural and artificial aquatic environments. Both children and adults will enjoy an afternoon of throwing in their lines as birds swoop overhead, water ripples grace the lake’s surface, and animals come to drink at the shoreline.

For the athletically-inclined visitor, Falls Lake offers prime North Carolina hiking and cycling trails. Amazingly, the main trail — Falls Lake Trail — traces the entire circumference of the expansive lake, taking you through several of the recreational areas and state parkland. If you take this trail, make sure to wear bright colors (preferably neon orange or yellow) during hunting season, as part of the trail winds through N.C. Wildlife Resource Commission game lands. There are many other short trails throughout the park area, sure to provide you with beautiful views and special experiences. And for single-track mountain bicyclists, 6.5 miles of easy/intermediate trails and 6.5 miles of advanced-difficult trails are available for the riding.

When you’ve worked up a nice sweat, nothing is quite as refreshing as a dip in cool water, so head down to the lake and jump on in. Beaverdam, Rolling View, and Sandling Beach Recreation Areas all offer sandy beaches, restrooms, and changing facilities as well as wonderful picnicking facilities. Your comfort and enjoyment are their goal, so grab your beach towels and prepare for some fun in the sun.

Things to do at Falls Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Camping
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • Playground

Fish species found at Falls Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Bluegill
  • Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Sunfish

Falls Lake Photo Gallery

Falls Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: US Army Corps of Engineers

Surface Area: 12,410 acres

Shoreline Length: 175 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 252 feet

Water Volume: 131,395 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1981

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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