Walter F. George Lake, Alabama & Georgia, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - South - Alabama - River Heritage - Georgia - Plantation Trace - Presidential Pathways -

Also known as:  Eufaula Lake, Walter F. George Reservoir, Lake Chattahoochee

Walter F. George Lake straddles 85 miles of the Georgia/Alabama border along the Chattahoochee River. Visitors will see varying names for the lake depending on which road they arrive on or which map they use. Some will see Lake Eufaula, others will see Walter F. George Reservoir. The U.S. Army Corp of Engineers (USACE), who built and continues to maintain the lake’s dam, designated it as Walter F. George Lake. Whatever the name used, you definitely can’t miss the lake once in the vicinity. With a surface of over 45,000 acres and 640 miles of shoreline, Walter F. George Lake is a recreation and fisherman’s paradise on a grand scale.

Each year, nearly 4 million visitors to Walter F. George Lake enjoy a wide variety of activities. With the lake’s large size and year-round favorable climate, visitors can enjoy fishing, sailing, water skiing, canoeing, swimming, and anything else that can be done on the water. In addition to picnicking and camping, the area is also well known for hunting the plentiful deer, small game and birds of the area. Dotting both sides of the lake are several parks, campgrounds, marinas, and a wildlife refuge. Boating is very popular as well, as the waters are navigable to the Intracoastal Waterway.

The Walter F. George Dam was completed in 1963 and named after an influential Georgia senator who chaired the Foreign Relations Committee and had quite a bit of influence on foreign and economic policy during his tenure from 1922 until his death in 1957. In addition to the various names it is known by today, several other names were proposed over the years including Lake Winston Churchill, Lake Alaga (a combination of Alabama and Georgia), Lake Screamer, and Lake Roanoke. Lake Eufaula is the name commonly used today by most visitors from Alabama in honor of the Creek Indians who lived throughout the Chattahoochee Valley of Alabama and Georgia before they were driven out to Oklahoma in the 1830’s. Oklahoma did take the name for a lake near the town of Eufaula, OK where the Eufaula tribe of the Creek Indians settled.

During the 60’s and 70’s, Walter F. George Lake was known as the “Bass Fishing Capital of the World” and is still regarded as so by many. The most popular are the largemouth bass, but anglers will also find spotted bass as well as hybrid striped bass and white bass, which are concentrated in the spring. Other species include black crappie, blue catfish and channel catfish. Fishing licenses from both Alabama and Georgia are recognized at the lake. Access to the lake is available via boat ramps, marinas, piers and private docks off vacation rental properties dotting the shores up and down the lake on both sides.

Walter F. George Lake is a very well planned lake having kept the public in mind in its development. The USACE provides a detailed map showing the numerous parks, campgrounds and marinas lining the lake, which provide camping, picnicking, hiking, golfing, wildlife viewing, and bird watching opportunities as well as access to the lake for boaters and fisherman. On the Georgia side, both the George T. Bagby State Park and Cotton Hill Park offer developed hiking trails that include interpretive markers. East Bank Park is great for families with little ones, as it includes a playground, beach area, large picnic pavilion and basketball courts as well as a boat ramp and public fishing pier.

On the Alabama side, parks and campgrounds abound as well, including an 11,000 acre wildlife refuge on the undeveloped northern shores of Walter F. George Lake. The Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge provides hiking, fishing, hunting and wildlife viewing opportunities. Lakepoint State Park borders the refuge with camping accommodations, a golf course, a marina and boat access. For a complete list of the additional parks, campgrounds and marinas around the lake in both Georgia and Alabama, see the internet resources below for the USACE Park Locator.

Visitors looking for a fascinating day trip can head 14 miles southeast of Walter F. George Lake to Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park. This park gives visitors a one-of-a-kind opportunity to view ceremonial and burial mounds built between 250-950 A.D. by the Swift Creek and Weeden Island Indians. A museum situated in a partially excavated mound provides visitors with information about this rich history. The park also provides plenty of camping, fishing, hiking, picnicking and boating opportunities as well.

Lakefront and lakeview vacation rentals are plentiful at Walter F. George Lake in every price range from cabins and condos to mansions that come with a pontoon boat. The closest international airport is in Atlanta, about 150 miles away. The City of Eufaula is situated on the Alabama banks of the Walter F. George Lake in case you are looking for restaurants, shopping centers, or want to check out some of the 700 structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places including pre-Civil War mansions. The city also caters to retirees looking to relocate or for a second home. Real estate on the shores of the lake is available, including land to build your own home or to buy an existing home.

So whether you are looking for a vacation spot in Alabama’s River Heritage Region or Georgia’s Plantation Trace Region, Walter F. George Lake is an excellent choice as a destination of grand proportions with a wide range of activities and interesting places that you and your family can explore just for a day or for a weekend or more.

Things to do at Walter F. George Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Water Skiing
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Picnicking
  • Cabin Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • National Wildlife Refuge
  • State Park
  • Museum
  • Playground
  • Shopping

Fish species found at Walter F. George Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Black Crappie
  • Blue Catfish
  • Catfish
  • Channel Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Spotted Bass
  • Striped Bass
  • White Bass

Walter F. George Lake Photo Gallery

    Walter F. George Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

    Water Level Control: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

    Surface Area: 45,180 acres

    Shoreline Length: 640 miles

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 188 feet

    Maximum Depth: 96 feet

    Water Volume: 934,400 acre-feet

    Completion Year: 1963

    Drainage Area: 7,460 sq. miles

    Trophic State: Eutrophic

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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