Pimushe Lake, Minnesota, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Midwest - Minnesota - Northwest -

He’s been out on Pimushe Lake since dawn and hasn’t seen anything. Ready to give up, he’s walking down an abandoned logging road heading back to the cabin he’s renting on the lake. Lost in his thoughts he almost walks past the dull speckled brown bird. Only the spread of its tail and the thrumming of its wings give away its location. It’s one of the ruffed grouse he was hunting – sitting in the brush right in front of him. He pauses a moment, debating whether he can take the shot, and the bird, finally sensing the danger, bursts out of the scrub and flies off. He shakes his head and starts back to the lake. At least he can count on the fish biting on Pimushe Lake in the northwest region of Minnesota. A string of crappie isn’t the same as a few grouse, but it will still be a good day.

Pimushe Lake is one of the hundreds of lakes that dot Minnesota’s Northwoods – reminders of its glacial past. The seven mile long lake is surrounded by the Chippewa National Forest and sits five miles north of the town of Pennington in Beltrami County. There is some development on the south end of the lake including resorts and vacation rentals. Most of the lake’s almost 30 miles of shoreline, however, is publicly owned and should stay undeveloped maintaining Pimushe Lake’s natural beauty. There are places on the lake where there are no cabins visible, and visitors can pretend the lake is their own private retreat.

The lake is ringed with maple, oak, spruce and birch and has four islands and several bays to explore by canoe, kayak or motor boat. In addition to private access from one of the lake’s vacation rentals, access to Pimushe Lake is from a US Forest Service concrete boat ramp. The lake is full of black crappie, and anglers will find abundant populations of bluegill, largemouth bass, northern pike and brown bullhead. There is hunting on the land around Pimushe Lake in the fall with grouse season running from mid-September through December. Duck and goose season is September through November, and hunters can try their luck against the area’s white-tailed deer the second and third week of November.

The Chippewa National Forest surrounds Pimushe Lake on all sides. Established in 1908, it is the oldest national forest east of the Mississippi. In 1928 the 1.6 million acre forest’s name was changed from the Minnesota National Forest to the Chippewa National Forest to honor the area’s native people. Before the land was dedicated as a national forest it was logged extensively. The Lost Forty is a tract of virgin red and white pine that was skipped over during the logging in the 1800’s. The land was mistakenly shown on maps as being underwater. Today it offers visitors to Pimushe Lake a chance to see what Minnesota was like before the European settler’s influence.

To the west of Pimushe Lake, Itasca State Park is Minnesota’s oldest state park. Established in 1891 the park encompasses more than 32,000 acres and includes over 100 lakes. Itasca State Park protects the headwaters of the Mississippi River. The mighty river starts its 2,552 mile journey to the Gulf of Mexico as little more than a stream. At the Mary Gibbs Mississippi Headwaters Center visitors can explore the outdoor interpretive displays before walking around the birthplace of the river. There is also a wilderness drive in the park past the 2,000 acre wilderness sanctuary that is one of the seven natural landmarks of Minnesota. The Itasca State Park has trails for hiking and cross country skiing, and there are cabins and campgrounds for overnight stays.

Whether hunting, fishing or just enjoying the loons and eagles that make their home at Pimushe Lake, visitors are sure to find something to enjoy year round. Add the natural beauty of the surrounding area and the many nearby lakes including the nine lake Cass Chain of Lakes and a trip to Pimushe Lake is sure to call families back again and again.

Things to do at Pimushe Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Cabin Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • State Park
  • National Forest

Fish species found at Pimushe Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Black Crappie
  • Bluegill
  • Brown Bullhead
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Northern Pike
  • Pike
  • Sunfish

Pimushe Lake Photo Gallery

    Pimushe Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

    Surface Area: 1,268 acres

    Shoreline Length: 30 miles

    Maximum Depth: 40 feet

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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