Mattsee, Salzburg, Austria

Lake Locations:

Austria - Salzburg -

Also known as:  Lake Mattsee, Lake Matt, Matt, Niedertrumer

Mattsee (see=lake) is one of four picturesque lakes forming the Salzburg Lake District. Located only 12 miles north of the city of Salzburg, Lake Mattsee and the lakeside community of Mattsee are beginning to touch the fringes of the city’s suburbs. The combination of history, culture, architecture, alpine setting, lakeside living and endless recreation make Mattsee an ideal holiday retreat.

Where there once was one naturally-formed glacial lake, there is now a close cluster of three – called the Trumer Lakes. Archeological evidence indicates that an original glacial lake, named Urmattsee, was carved into the Mattsee basin during the last ice age. The large lake had an added depth of over 80 feet and appears to have served as an early shipping route. Through centuries of evaporation and eventual drainage by the River Mattig, Urmattsee’s water level lowered until three separate lakes appeared: 1,211-acre Obertrumer Lake; 890-acre Niedertrumer (Mattsee) and 321-acre Grabensee. Today, a dozen small towns and villages surround the Trumer Lakes with a combined population of 33,700. Add 1581-acre Lake Wallersee to the Trumer Lakes, and you have formed the Salzburg Lake District.

The municipality of Mattsee sits at the southern end of Lake Mattsee with the population of 3,000 spreading to the west and reaching the shores of Obertrumer See. Much of Europe’s history has passed through the streets and water of Mattsee. Evidence of human habitation dates from Neolithic time with ruins of ancient Roman roads sitting beneath the water of Lake Mattsee. Bavarian occupation and rule by the Archbishops of Salzburg led to the region’s combined traditions and culture that make Mattsee the attraction that it is today.

Walk a few blocks from Lake Mattsee’s seven-mile shoreline and explore charming shops, a restored palace, an ancient abbey, a 13th century Roman gothic church, and museums meant to carry visitors away to another place and time. After a day of touring, climb aboard a cruise boat and enjoy a view of the village from the water. Don’t be surprised when you approach low-lying Johannis Bridge at the south end of the lake; your boat will lower its roof as you pass under the bridge and raise it again as you sail into adjoining Lake Obertrumer. As you cruise around Lake Mattsee, take note of available vacation rentals and real estate properties including holiday homes, guest houses, hotels and inns. Select from lakeside or near-lakeside properties to make your stay complete.

After accommodations are selected, jump right into the warmest and most welcoming water in the Salzburg Lake District. Lake Mattsee has two large public beaches with changing facilities. The first beach opened in 1928, and the facilities have been restored with modern conveniences. Soft sand beaches, sun decks, water slides, playgrounds and volleyball nets will keep family fun going all day long.

Add a summer breeze and Lake Mattsee will be dotted with sailboats, paddle boats, canoes and windsurfers. If you want to rent a boat or need a sailing lesson, all you have to do is ask. Once on the lake you will enjoy the sound of the wind instead of the roar of engines, because only electric motor boats are permitted on the water.

If you like to fish, Niedertrumer is only one of three Trumer Lakes at your disposal. A fishing certificate is required and readily available in Mattsee. Toss a line into the 138-foot depths and enjoy the day along the shore or on the water. Keep in mind that zander, pike, eel, tench, carp, perch or bream may not be the only thing hiding beneath the water’s surface. Local fishermen say that on a calm day when lake waters are smooth as glass you can see the outline of a sunken city in the depths of the lake.

Mattsee is a popular tourist destination which means there is an endless selection of activities. If you enjoy hiking, Nordic walking, running, inline skating or cycling, local trails will take you through historic Mattsee, community parks, or along the nine-mile Trumer Lakes path. Miniature golf, scenic hillside golf courses, and multiple tennis courts mean no waiting for your favorite recreation. For the more daring, paragliding lessons and hot-air balloon rides provide an exceptional view of the Salzburg Lake District. In the winter several ski resorts open within driving distance of Salzburg.

Mattsee makes the ideal location for a venture into the city of Salzburg. This is the city of Mozart, offering glimpses into the composer’s life through family homes, museums and music festivals. Salzburg’s earlier history is on display at the Museumplatz, site of Salzburg’s prized museums. Find time to view the Baroque architecture and medieval Hohensalzburg fortress atop Monchsberg hill. Immerse yourself in the history of Salzburg and then return again and again to the natural beauty a gentle lakefront retreat at Mattsee.

Things to do at Mattsee

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Golf
  • Tennis
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Museum
  • Ruins
  • Playground
  • Miniature Golf

Fish species found at Mattsee

  • Carp
  • Eel
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Tench
  • Zander

Mattsee Photo Gallery

Mattsee Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

Surface Area: 890 acres

Shoreline Length: 7 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 1,660 feet

Maximum Depth: 138 feet

Water Volume: 49,778 acre-feet

Lake Area-Population: 3,000

Drainage Area: 5 sq. miles

Trophic State: Mesotrophic

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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