Lake Wallenpaupack, Pennsylvania, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Mid-Atlantic - Pennsylvania - Northeastern Mountains -

Lake Wallenpaupack is a prime recreation destination in northeast Pennsylvania’s Pocono Mountains region, nestled among the counties of Hawley, Pike, and Wayne. Created in 1927 by the Pennsylvania Power and Light Company (PPL) for hydroelectric power, the lake stretches out over 5,700 acres and boasts 52 miles of shoreline. The average water depth is about 30 feet, with a maximum depth of 60 feet. Wallenapauack is a native Lenape Indian word for “the stream of swift and slow water,” which is fitting as the lake was created from Wallenpaupack Creek at Wilsonville. When the dam was created, Wilsonville disappeared forever beneath the depths of the lake.

Today, the lake is a hub for water recreation during the summer months, providing opportunities for boating, water skiing, swimming and fishing. Lake fish include smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, rock bass, muskellunge, rainbow trout, walleye, pickerel, and yellow trout. For anglers who love mountain stream fishing, you can also head over to Wallenpaupack Creek or Lackawaxen River, both of which are stocked by the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. If boating is your pleasure, you can launch your boat from any of the four public Recreation Areas located on Lake Wallenpaupack. There are also several marinas and resorts in the area that rent boats to vacationers. During busy summer weekends and holidays, daytime boating speed is limited to 45 mph.

The four public Recreation Areas-Caffrey, Ironwood Point, Ledgedale, and Wilsonville-offer camping from late April to mid-October. They offer electric hook-ups, restroom, shower, and laundry facilities, picnic areas, and boat launches. The Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission also operates a public boat launch ramp adjacent to the dam. While exploring the lake by boat, take time to visit the four islands that dot the water’s surface. Epply is the largest island and offers facilities for daytime picnicking. The second largest, Kipp Island, offers a sandy beach for boat parking. The tall pine trees on Kipp Island are favorite landing sites for American Bald Eagles. Cairns Island provides a no-wake cove for paddlers. Burns Island is the smallest of the four. Dive into the blue waters to cool down or catch some rays before heading back to shore.

When you’re ready to take a break from the sparkling depths, land activities abound in the beautiful Pocono Mountains. The Wallenpaupack area is home to several nature areas: Ledgedale, Shuman Point, and Beech House Creek
Wildlife Refuge. If you enjoy nature hikes, both Ledgedale and Shuman Point nature areas have marked hiking trails, many of which follow old logging roads. Nature enthusiasts will be delighted as they recognize many species of trees, including red maple, black birch, and hemlock. Animal lovers can observe the sites and sounds of the native species around them, including raccoon, red fox, gray fox, white-tailed deer, black bears, and ruffed grouse. Hunting is allowed in certain areas.

During the winter months, visitors and residents find themselves enjoying cold-weather activities such as snowmobiling, cross-country skiing, downhill skiing, ice skating and simply observing the beauty of a white winter wonderland. A not-to-be-missed event is the Hawley Winterfest, an annual winter festival that incorporates delicious foods, holiday crafts, and themed entertainment, sure to please the whole family.

Note: PPL merged with Riverstone Holdings in 2014 to form Talen Energy. Talen Energy took over ownership of the lake and operation of electricity generation on June 1, 2015. Subsequently, Talen Energy sold Lake Wallenpaupack Hydroelectric to Brookfield Renewable Energy Partners L.P. which took over lake operations in 2016.

Things to do at Lake Wallenpaupack

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Water Skiing
  • Camping
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Ice Skating
  • Downhill Skiing
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Snowmobiling
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding

Fish species found at Lake Wallenpaupack

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Muskellunge
  • Perch
  • Pickerel
  • Pike
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Sunfish
  • Trout
  • Walleye

Lake Wallenpaupack Photo Gallery

Lake Wallenpaupack Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: Brookfield Renewable Energy Partners L.P.

Surface Area: 5,700 acres

Shoreline Length: 52 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 1,186 feet

Minimum Elevation (Min Pond): 1,179 feet

Maximum Elevation (Max Pond): 1,187 feet

Average Depth: 30 feet

Maximum Depth: 60 feet

Completion Year: 1927

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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