Lake Tekapo, South Island, New Zealand

Lake Locations:

New Zealand - South Island - Christchurch – Canterbury -

Lake Tekapo is located in the center of South Island, New Zealand. Known for its intense turquoise hue, the lake stays that color because of “rock flour” or finely ground rocks which are suspended in the water and are remnants from the glacial period. The Maori people were the first to live in the area and were self sustained by making tools from stone, fishing eels, and hunting birds. Tekapo is a Maori word formed by the words taka(sleeping mat) and po (night).

On the shores of the lake is the township of Lake Tekapo. A ski resort in the winter and aquatic playground in the summer make this area a year round destination for fun and excitement. The town faces north with a remarkable view across the blue water to the Southern Alps. The main industries are tourism and sheep herding with wool byproducts. A bronze statue of a sheepdog is located on the shore as a tribute to the invaluable work done by sheepdogs in allowing sheep to graze on the mountainous terrain around the town and lake.

In the summer, visitors and residents enjoy swimming, boating, waterskiing, kayaking, windsurfing, camping, mountain biking, hiking, rock climbing, horseback riding, scenic flights, and golf. During the cold winter months, snowboarding, downhill skiing, cross country skiing, heli-skiing, and ice skating will keep you active. Fishing for rainbow trout, brown trout and salmon keep anglers busy on the sparkling water of Lake Tekapo. With wide open skies, clear winter nights are perfect for star gazing and enjoying the spectacular light show of the Aurora Australis or the Southern Lights. No matter which activity you choose to enjoy, vacation rentals are plentiful in the area and range from hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts, hostels, rental cottages, vacation homes and campgrounds to suit all budgets and comfort requirements. Lake Tekapo is also a favored real estate area with a demand for lake front homes as summer homes or vacation properties.

Lake Tekapo is situated in the beautiful and geographically diverse Canterbury Tourist Region of New Zealand. The region stretches from a large central portion of the East Coast of the South Island to the rugged peaks of the Southern Alps. Aoraki/Mount Cook is the highest peak in New Zealand and Canterbury Region and is in the Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park which is part of the South Westland World Heritage Area. Aoraki is a Maori word for Cloud Piercer. Hammer Springs a popular spa town has been enticing visitors with its soothing mineral waters since 1859 to stop by relax, unwind, and leave their aches and pains in the warm-water springs. Along the shores, visitors will be thrilled to swim with the world’s rarest dolphin, the Hectors dolphin which calls this shoreline their home along with giant sperm whales which can be seen off shore all year round. To fully appreciate the beauty of the area, hop into a hot air balloon for a breath taking scenic tour. Throughout the area, outdoor activities will keep you breathless from the excitement of river rafting, bungee jumping, rock climbing and mountain biking. However, make sure that you do take time to slow down and experience the culinary delights and wines offered in local dining establishments.

There is so much to do and so many ways to explore Lake Tekapo and the Canterbury Region that you may need another vacation just to relax from the fun and excitement that is Lake Tekapo in New Zealand.

Things to do at Lake Tekapo

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Kayaking
  • Water Skiing
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Hiking
  • Ice Skating
  • Rock Climbing
  • Biking
  • Downhill Skiing
  • Snowboarding
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Horseback Riding
  • Hunting
  • Birding
  • National Park
  • Playground

Fish species found at Lake Tekapo

  • Brown Trout
  • Eel
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Salmon
  • Trout

Lake Tekapo Photo Gallery

Lake Tekapo Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Dammed

Water Level Control: Meridan Energy

Surface Area: 15,360 acres

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 2,300 feet

Average Depth: 69 feet

Maximum Depth: 120 feet

Water Volume: 490,000 acre-feet

Trophic State: Oligotrophic

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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