Lake Sinclair, Georgia, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - South - Georgia - Classic South - Historic Heartland -

Also known as:  Sinclair Lake

With 15,330 acres of sparkling water against the backdrop of the Oconee National Forest, Lake Sinclair in Georgia is an outdoor enthusiast’s premier destination. Located in both the Historic Heartland and Classic South tourist areas of Georgia, Putnam County, Baldwin County, and Hancock County all share the shores of this vacation paradise for visitors and a weekend respite for residents of nearby metro Atlanta and Macon. This popular water playground was formed in 1953 when Georgia Power constructed the Sinclair Dam on the Oconee River for hydropower generation. Georgia Power also created Lake Oconee, upstream of Lake Sinclair. The Wallace Dam separates the two lakes.

Eatonton in Putnam County is a historic area with beautiful tree-lined streets waiting to welcome you to their side of Lake Sinclair. Located in the middle of the Antebellum Trail, some of the finest homes in the south are located here. Native son, Joel Chandler Harris, author of “The Uncle Remus Tales”, is memorialized by the local Uncle Remus Museum and a Brer Rabbit Statue standing on the courthouse square.

Baldwin County’s Milledgeville is the only surviving example of a complete “Federal Period” city according to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Here you can enjoy a guided tour of the area aboard a trolley highlighting points of interest. Retrace the steps of General Sherman as he marched through the area, including the Old Governor’s Mansion and the Old Capital Museum, the building where Georgia legislators voted to secede from the Union. The Candlelight Tour of Homes takes place in December. Each July, Milledgeville is home to water skiing competitions on Lake Sinclair.

Hancock County, the “Hidden Jewel of Georgia”, is named for the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, John Hancock. The county is home to many historical sites, including the Millmore Gristmill, location of the 1786 peace treaty between Georgia and the Creek Indian Nation. The Hancock County Courthouse in Sparta, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is a prime example of Victorian architecture.

Lakefront real estate is in high demand, and many waterfront homes are weekend properties used for escape from the hustle and bustle of big city life. Some of these homes are offered as vacation rentals. Bed and Breakfasts, bountiful in southern hospitality, are located in towns, on country farms, or on the shores Lake Sinclair. Cabins and campgrounds are plentiful in the area if you prefer a more rustic setting.

No matter where you choose to unpack your bags, the Lake Sinclair area will keep you busy from morning till the wee hours of night. You can golf at internationally famous golf resorts, shoot sporting clays, play polo, go horseback riding, hike along the many trails by the lake and into the Oconee National Forest, go antique shopping, visit museums and historic sites, have a romantic dinner with scenic views of the lake, or you can just lazily relax on one of the beaches and watch as others swim, canoe, kayak, or jet ski.

Lake Sinclair was designed with fishermen in mind. Home to several fishing tournaments, both local and national, anglers of all fishing skills have enjoyed pulling in catfish, crappie, largemouth bass, striped bass and bream. Numerous boat launches and marinas are available for putting in your fishing boat as well as fishing piers and spots for shoreline fishing.

Imagine sitting in a rocking chair, on a wrap-around porch, sipping southern sweet tea and you are almost there. Come visit the area with southern hospitality and a great lake – Lake Sinclair in Georgia.

Things to do at Lake Sinclair

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Fishing Tournaments
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Jet Skiing
  • Water Skiing
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Cabin Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Horseback Riding
  • National Forest
  • Museum
  • Playground
  • Antiquing
  • Shopping

Fish species found at Lake Sinclair

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Striped Bass

Lake Sinclair Photo Gallery

Lake Sinclair Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: Georgia Pacific

Surface Area: 15,330 acres

Shoreline Length: 417 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 318 feet

Average Depth: 22 feet

Maximum Depth: 90 feet

Water Volume: 330,000 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1953

Drainage Area: 2,910 sq. miles

Trophic State: Eutrophic

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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