Indian Lake, Pennsylvania, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Mid-Atlantic - Pennsylvania - Pittsburgh & Countryside -

Indian Lake is a freshwater man-made lake shaped like a horseshoe, located in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. It is part of the state’s Laurel Highlands, an elevated region known for its extraordinary mountain landscapes and hilly terrain. As a private lake, only vacationers, property owners and their guests are permitted to enjoy the innate beauty and varied pastimes that this lake has to offer.

Indian Lake is fed by two streams: Calender Run and Clear Run. The lake has a surface area of about 500 acres and 20 miles of shoreline. It features an average depth of 40 feet, and bottom soil that was formed from shale, sandstone, and siltstone bedrock. To the south lies Lake Stonycreek, which looks like an upside-down letter “Y” attached to its horseshoe-shaped neighbor. The two bodies of water are separated by the 900-foot long Lake Stonycreek Dam, an earth embankment with a maximum height of 31 feet.

Exciting recreational activities at Indian Lake include tubing, hiking, bird watching, water skiing, swimming, and fishing for bass and brown trout. For extreme thrill seekers, wake boarding, water skiing, and exploring the 3,000-acre ATV park (conveniently located right next door to Indian Lake) are riveting alternatives. Snowmobiling, cross-country skiing, hunting, and ice fishing are extremely popular between the months of January and March, when the lake tends to freeze solid.

Indian Lake is well known for being the closest location to the crash site of the infamous Flight 93, one of the planes that was tragically highjacked on 9/11. Just west of the lake lies the Flight 93 National Memorial. This is the only national park in the country designated to honor those who were lost in the attack. Previously a coal mine, the 2,220-acre preserve features a fence decorated with memorabilia and tributes, as well as recorded archives documenting what happened through the eyes of victims’ friends and family members.

Also in Indian Lake’s vicinity is the Quecreek Mine Rescue Site, where nine miners were miraculously rescued in 2002 after spending 77 hours roughly 240 feet below the earth’s surface. Just 20 miles from the lake you’ll find the Somerset Historical Center, which shows all of the changes the Pennsylvania farming industry has experienced over the last two centuries. Here, a number of antique houses are on display (complete with original tools and furniture dating back to the 1800s). Shawnee State Park is another nearby highlight, featuring 3,983-acres of natural preserve, camping facilities, a 12-mile hiking trail system, and public access to Lake Shawnee. The local Indian Lake Golf Club, home to the first championship course ever designed by golf legend Arnold Palmer, has a challenging 18-hole green that enthusiasts will adore.

Due to the allure of its privacy, tranquility and pristine waters, real estate properties and vacation rentals are in high demand at Indian Lake. Just 90 minutes from Pittsburgh, a trip to Indian Lake feels like a quiet escape into the wilderness without actually having to venture far from city life. Its numerous outdoor and historical attractions make Indian Lake the perfect Pennsylvania getaway.

Things to do at Indian Lake PA

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Ice Fishing
  • Swimming
  • Water Skiing
  • Wakeboarding
  • Tubing
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Hiking
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Snowmobiling
  • Hunting
  • Birding
  • State Park
  • National Park
  • Antiquing

Fish species found at Indian Lake PA

  • Bass
  • Brown Trout
  • Trout

Indian Lake PA Photo Gallery

    Indian Lake PA Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

    Surface Area: 499 acres

    Shoreline Length: 20 miles

    Average Depth: 40 feet

    Water Volume: 10,495 acre-feet

    Water Residence Time: 457 days

    Drainage Area: 14 sq. miles

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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