Fateh Sagar, Rajasthan, India

Lake Locations:

India - West - Rajasthan -

A shining jewel in the crown of lakes surrounding the Rajasthan city of Udaipur is Fateh Sagar. This 988-acre artificial lake serves as a water supply to the city but represents so much more. For Udaipur is known as the Venice of the East; it is surrounded by lakes and canals in the midst of a near-desert landscape. Udaipur is one of the most luxurious resort destinations in India and is also often referred to as the Romantic City of Lakes: it is a preferred spot for weddings and honeymoons among the wealthy. The marble palaces of Udaipur find their reflection in the many waterways. The opulent culture of the Maharanas built the lakes, palaces and temples during their reign, and they are carefully preserved in today’s tourism-based economy. Fateh Sagar is surrounded by colorful gardens and bordered on three sides by green hills. It is an oasis of peace and serenity in an increasingly busy city.

Three islands grace Fateh Sagar’s surface. Nehru Island is a public park and a favorite playground for children. This garden island sports a floating, boat-shaped restaurant and a zoo. The second island is also a public park with spectacular water jet fountains. The third houses Udaipur Solar Observatory, the largest observatory in Asia. Located very near the city proper, Fateh Sagar is a common destination for picnics and for enjoying the hired pedal boats. Motor boats may be hired to travel to the islands. A public road circles the entire five-mile circumference of Fateh Sagar with lovely views of the lake and the surrounding green hills. The lake is quite clean, and there are areas set aside for splashing in the refreshing waters. The lake still supports some fishing, mostly for various species of carp and catfish. The Udaipur Lake Conservation Society is attempting to gain government commitments for removing sediments and stocking different species of fish, along with better sewage treatment facilities to protect the watershed into the future.

The lake was originally constructed under the instruction of Maharana Jai Singh in 1678. Two hundred years later, heavy rains and flooding collapsed the eastern embankment, causing loss of life and damaging the Saheliyon Ki Bari or ‘Garden of Maids’ on a lower elevation. In 1889, Maharana Fateh Singh reconstructed the levee and improved the lake to accommodate flooding. During monsoon season, the lake now covers up to three-quarters of a square mile. The lake is well constructed, with three intake channels from the Ahar (also known as Berach) River and an overflow channel for use during the rainy season. Three main causeways lead to the lake from Pichola Lake, Madar Lake and Badi Lake, offering the option of travel by boat to different parts of the city. Making up much of the channel between Fateh Sagar and Lake Pichola is Swaroop Sagar, another small artificial lake built by Maharana Swaroop Singh around 1860.

Only one palace directly overlooks Fateh Sagar: the palace built by Fateh Singh has been converted to a luxury hotel with beautiful views of the water. The reconstructed northeastern embankment, called the Pal, the Drive, or Connaught Bund (embankment or breakwater) borders the entrance to Moti Magri Hill. The summit of the hill holds a landscaped park with the Maharana Pratap Memorial. One of the most striking cultural locations near Fateh Sagar is the reconstructed Saheliyon Ki Bari. This ‘Garden of Maids’ was built in the 18th century by Maharana Sangram Singh for the royal ladies. The beautiful garden is adorned with pools, marble elephants, lotus ponds, fountains and marble pavilions. A ‘rain fountain’ pavilion features beautifully carved birds that sprinkle ‘rain’ from their beaks. A museum on the site displays a huge collection of items from the royal households, including antique artwork, stuffed animals and cobras and the accoutrements of royal living.

The city of Udaipur is noted for its cultural and historic attractions. One of the most striking architectural attractions is the Jagdish Temple. Located at the southern end of the Swaroop Sagar and a part of the City Palace complex, this temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the Universe. Built in the early 1600s, the temple features beautifully carved pillars, lofty decorated ceilings, and brass and stone sculpted religious icons. Also of great interest to those who enjoy learning the historical context of Udaipur and Rajasthan is Bhartiya Lok Kala Museum. This unique museum features folk articles from the surrounding area, including theater puppets, rural dress, folk deities, musical instruments and paintings. Other museums of interest include the City Palace Museum and Ahar Archeological Museum and Archeological Site. A short side-trip near Lake Pichola is the Monsoon Palace or Sajjan Garh.

Lodgings are plentiful around Fateh Sagar and Udaipur. Several former palaces have been converted to luxury hotels. Less expensive lodgings can be found at many of the local hotels, where perfect guest service is the norm. The entire city is a delight for shoppers, especially those looking for folk art or traditional fabric. All types of restaurants can be found nearby. There is never a shortage of things to do or see, only a shortage of hours in the day in which to see them all. A visit to Fateh Sagar will fill travelers’ senses with the sights and sounds of historic Rajput Era. Fateh Sagar deserves a prominent place on your Asian itinerary. Don’t miss it!

Things to do at Fateh Sagar

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Picnicking
  • Birding
  • Museum
  • Playground
  • Antiquing

Fish species found at Fateh Sagar

  • Carp
  • Catfish

Fateh Sagar Photo Gallery

Fateh Sagar Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Surface Area: 988 acres

Shoreline Length: 5 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 1,896 feet

Average Depth: 18 feet

Maximum Depth: 44 feet

Water Volume: 1,703 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1889

Drainage Area: 21 sq. miles

Trophic State: Eutrophjic

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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