Androscoggin Lake, Maine, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - New England - Maine - Kennebec & Moose River Valleys - Lakes & Mountains -

Also known as:  Lake Androscoggin

Androscoggin Lake is a freshwater glacial lake of very irregular shape that falls into two geographic regions of Central Maine: the Kennebec and Moose River Valleys region and the Lakes and Mountains region. In the Kennebec and Moose River Valleys area, Androscoggin Lake is located in the increasingly popular Winthrop Lakes Region that has become known for its great fishing waters. Androscoggin Lake is attractive to anglers for its catches of unusually large pickerel and its popular smallmouth and largemouth bass. Along with the most plentiful species, others are sought here too: brown trout, chain pickerel, white perch, yellow perch, smelt, minnows, bullhead, landlocked alewives, eel, and white sucker. The area hosts several fishing tournaments during the year, and vacationers may choose to also take advantage some of the other lakes and ponds in the Winthrop Lakes Region; they number more than a dozen. In the Lakes and Mountains region, Androscoggin Lake borders on the village of Casco, which is considered the heart of the Sebago Lakes Region–a very popular region for tourism due to its variety of beautiful lakes and ponds. Casco hosts an annual festival in July called Casco Days that has been a tradition since 1935 and features an extended weekend of outdoor-oriented family fun.

Bordering the counties of Kennebec on its east and Androscoggin on its west, this 3,826-acre lake is surrounded by a sparsely developed area that retains much of its natural organic beauty. With Berry Pond to its east, Wilson Pond to its southeast, Maranacook Lake farther east, and Echo Lake to the northeast, Androscoggin Lake is a haven for outdoor activity and a wonderful location for weekend getaways and summer vacations. The capital city of Augusta is a mere 20 minutes to the east by car, and Portland is less than an hour to the south. Lewiston/Auburn is close by as well. Boston is an easy day trip, with scenic routes making it a relaxing drive. Its central location in Maine makes the Winthrop Lakes Region a convenient area to escape from it all, while allowing visitors to remain close to shopping centers and busier cities.

The village of Wayne, which is located in Kennebec County and borders the lake on the east, is a classic New England village, with small shops, original architecture, and a small-town feel. The Wayne Yacht Club has a boat landing for public use. On the northwest shore, the town of Leeds, in Androscoggin County, is similar in its appeal. Leeds is home to Monument Hill, an attraction in itself for its great views. A Civil War monument has been erected at the top of this climb, which is less than a mile from base to summit. The elevation increases 200 feet in that distance, providing excellent views of the surrounding countryside, including Androscoggin Lake and the nearby White Mountains. Golf courses and shopping, as well as many popular seasonal events, are additional activities and local flavor to experience during a stay in the area.

Androscoggin Lake is fed by several streams and is the principal outlet for Pocasset Lake to the northeast. The Dead River, which has its head at the western shore of Androscoggin Lake, travels 7 miles northwest and eventually meets and feeds the Androscoggin River. The Dead River Dam, located at the western outlet of Androscoggin Lake, was constructed in 1936 for the purpose of controlling pollution levels in the lake. Researchers have noted that Androscoggin Lake is the only lake in the state of Maine that accepts floodwaters from an industrialized and high-pollution river through a natural water-flow process called reverse flow. Although water in this system normally flows from the northeast to the west, instances of flooding can change this because the lake is situated in a very level area. During excessive rainfall, Androscoggin Lake forces water into the Dead River, which then feeds the Androscoggin River. The Androscoggin River then fills to a point where its elevation is higher than its tributary’s, therefore gravity reverses water flow and sends the river’s water back into Androscoggin Lake, which then becomes a flood storage reservoir through the flood process. Although the man-made Dead River Dam did not eliminate flooding, it certainly has helped limit occurrences. Before the dam was constructed, this type of reverse-flow flood happened many times every year. This flooding and reversion process deposits sediments into the lake, which causes a buildup of flat deposits. This built-up area is called a lake-outlet delta. Lake-outlet deltas are fairly common in Maine, where a total of 14 are present. Androscoggin Lake is located in a very well developed lake-outlet delta, which, in this case, means the delta reaches close to 2 miles into the lake.

The Department of Agriculture owns the Dead River Dam and is its principal maintainer. Androscoggin Lake is important as a source of drinking water, so many groups in the area are involved in assisting in water-quality monitoring and lake, river, and dam maintenance. The Dead River Dam controls, to some degree, the influx of phosphorus into Androscoggin Lake. Although algae blooms, which occur in lakes when phosphorus levels are elevated, do still happen, they are limited and infrequent.

The Dead River Delta is an important part of the ecosystem on Androscoggin Lake. Its presence allows the cattail sedge, a rare plant, to thrive in this unusual habitat. Likewise, the nearby silver maple floodplain forests and hardwood river terrace forests have full and lush vegetation due to this natural-flow process. Communities of rare plant life are found here, as are many endangered species of wildlife. On the western shore of the lake, boaters are welcome to enter the Brackett-Longley Rare Plant Habitat. This designated area is 40 acres of rare and endangered plant species that are best viewed while paddling along in a canoe or other small boat. It’s a very scenic and unique opportunity to enter a protected plant habitat.

Androscoggin Lake is also considered one of the best areas for kayaking, canoeing, and whitewater rafting. Personal watercrafts are not allowed on Androscoggin Lake, however; this means that boats with engines of more than 15 horsepower are illegal there. Forbidden watercraft include speedboats, jet skis, and hovercrafts. All non-motorized watercraft are allowed. This lake is homothermous, meaning that the surface temperature varies very little from the temperature as its maximum depth, which is 38 feet. Average lake depth, about 15 feet, means the lake is relatively shallow. Androscoggin Lake is surrounded by sandy beaches and is a destination for sun worshipers and swimmers in the summer.

Several islands can be seen as well as visited on Androscoggin Lake. Androscoggin Island is at the northern end, near the inlet from Pocasset Lake. Norris Island is the largest island at 27 acres and is the property of the Kennebec Land Trust; it can be used for sightseeing, picnicking, walking and hiking, and other similar day-use activities. Campsites are available on Norris Island for those interested in an island overnight trip. Norris Island is found centrally located in the southerly lake basin. Lothrop Island, also called Black Sand Island, is in the southwest part of the lake, and Blodgett Island, the smallest of the named islands, is in the southeast.

Vacationing in Maine is a favorite memory of many visitors. It’s hard to imagine a more scenic and peaceful location, with unlimited variety of rentals available to choose from. Self-catering cottages nestled in the woods are perfect for some; others might prefer the luxurious and spacious lakeside chalets that boast every modern amenity, including private beachfront access. Some rentals are pet-friendly for those who wish to bring animal companions along for their unforgettable trip to the unspoiled countryside. Whether travelers prefer lake views or mountain views, sprawling acreage or quaint cabins, booking the perfect getaway for a weekend, a week, a month, or a full season has never sounded so good as it does around Androscoggin Lake.

Things to do at Androscoggin Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Fishing Tournaments
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Whitewater Rafting
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Picnicking
  • Cabin Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Shopping

Fish species found at Androscoggin Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Brown Trout
  • Chain Pickerel
  • Eel
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Perch
  • Pickerel
  • Pike
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Smelt
  • Sucker
  • Trout
  • White Perch
  • Yellow Perch

Androscoggin Lake Photo Gallery

Androscoggin Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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