Long Lake, New York, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Mid-Atlantic - New York - Adirondacks -

Located in the heart of New York State’s majestic Adirondack Mountains, 4,077-acre Long Lake is indeed the longest lake in the area stretching for 14 miles through Hamilton County. Over half of the shoreline has been developed, but much still retains its original wilderness setting. The hamlet of Long Lake sits on the southeast shore of the lake and offers accommodations and activities to make any length of stay enjoyable. Camping is another great way to enjoy the lake, and campgrounds along the shoreline offer paddlers and hikers a quiet and relaxing place to enjoy views of the beautiful water.

Long Lake is a narrow and shallow lake, measuring one mile at its widest point. Although classified as a lake, Long Lake is actually a glacial widening of the Raquette River which accounts for its average depth of 13 feet despite being surrounded by mountains. The Raquette River is the second longest river in the state of New York behind the Hudson River. As part of a water route that connects the Fulton Chain of Lakes with the Saint Lawrence River drainage, Long Lake is especially popular with kayakers and canoeists. Over 140 miles of waterways can be accessed from Long Lake.

Long Lake is also known for its fantastic fishing. Anglers will find a public boat launch in the town of Long Lake which allows larger boats out on the water. Fish in the lake include largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, northern pike, bullhead, yellow perch, and brook trout. From boat or shore, angling enthusiasts will enjoy the challenge of casting for native sport fish. There is one marina on the lake which offers a variety of watercraft for rent. Public beaches are available for those who enjoy watching boats more than being on them.

Boating is the best way to experience Long Lake’s unique geological features. The shoreline varies from pristine sandy beaches to towering rocky cliffs. At the headwaters of Long Lake, Buttermilk Falls is a scenic place for enjoying an afternoon picnic and swim; this location is also a favored fishing spot. The southern end of the lake is considered by many to be the most picturesque section of the lake. The northern end of the lake is the geographic center of the Adirondack Mountains. This is the deepest and least developed section of the lake with areas measuring down to 43 feet.

Long Lake is located in the center of Adirondack Park which spans more than 6-million acres of public and private lands. The park is larger than Yellowstone, Yosemite, Grand Canyon, Great Smoky, and Everglades National Parks combined and covers over 1/5 of New York State. Hiking and biking trails can be found throughout the region and range from leisurely nature walks to steep climbs that can challenge even the most experienced hiker. The 133-mile Northville-Lake Placid Trail runs along the eastern shore of the lake, and there are many lean-tos along the trail. Whichever trail you choose, you’ll enjoy incredible views of the vast Adirondack Mountains. In the winter months, snowmobiling, cross country skiing and snowshoeing trails offer the same views, but under a completely new awe-inspiring panorama.

The hamlet of Long Lake has many restaurants and unique shops, as well as grocery stores, and other facilities to fulfill vacation needs. Accommodations range from waterfront hotels to secluded mountain cottages. Vacation rentals and real estate around the southern end of Long Lake are plentiful. The northern end of the lake, which is almost totally undeveloped, is ideal for primitive camping for those who like a break from modern civilization.

Whether planning a relaxing vacation or in need of a base camp for exploring hundreds of miles of waterways throughout the Adirondacks, Long Lake is the perfect starting point for any kind of adventure. The grandeur of the Adirondack Mountains and lakes, the natural beauty of the woods, and the fresh air of public lands – protected as “forever wild” by the Adirondack Park Agency – provide the perfect environment for unlimited recreational opportunities.

Things to do at Long Lake NY

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Snowmobiling
  • National Park

Fish species found at Long Lake NY

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Brook Trout
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Northern Pike
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Trout
  • Yellow Perch

Long Lake NY Photo Gallery

    Long Lake NY Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

    Surface Area: 4,077 acres

    Shoreline Length: 35 miles

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 1,627 feet

    Average Depth: 13 feet

    Maximum Depth: 43 feet

    Water Volume: 53,001 acre-feet

    Water Residence Time: 1.2 months

    Drainage Area: 471 sq. miles

    Trophic State: Mesotrophic

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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