Lake Pauline, Vermont, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - New England - Vermont - Southern Windsor County -

Also known as:  Reservoir Pond

Lake Pauline is a great example of creating an asset out of a by-product of technology. This small lake in Vermont’s Southern Windsor County region was created as a reservoir pond when the Black River was dammed. Although the larger part of the pond is located near the Lake Rescue dam, the narrow southern reach of the reservoir is the part usually referred to as Lake Pauline. Early histories don’t mention this lake, or the reservoir pond at all, but records show there was a dam at Lake Rescue by 1835. That dam is under the control of the Lake Rescue Association. At the south end of the lake, Reservoir Pond Dam is owned and maintained by the Town of Ludlow and was originally built for hydro-power. The lake now serves as a recreational lake.

The Ludlow area contains four lakes in a chain of lakes: Lake Pauline, Lake Rescue, Echo Lake, and Amherst Lake. The area was famous for abundant water-power with which to operate woolen, grain and saw mills soon after the town’s founding in 1761. At the time, this part of Vermont was still a part of New Hampshire. The State of Vermont officially says Lake Pauline has 32 acres. Boaters can traverse the entire length from dam to dam.

Vermont water regulations do not permit motorized craft on Lake Pauline. This prevents Lake Pauline from becoming a haven for water skiing and jet skiing along the long stretch downriver from the dam. This makes it highly attractive for small sailboats, paddle-boats, canoes and kayaks. Residents and visitors to Lake Pauline enjoy swimming and bird-watching along the wooded shore. Lake Pauline is close enough to the business district that all services are quickly reached. Most of the eastern lakefront holds homes, many of them year-round residences. Highway 100 forms most of the western shoreline behind a tree buffer zone. New condos with shared lake rights have opened up Lake Pauline to more residents and visitors in this highly-desirable area.

There is no true public access on Lake Pauline. A state boat launch on Lake Rescue forces visiting water craft to portage the road at the dam to reach Lake Pauline. That doesn’t stop anglers from fishing from small rowboats, canoes and kayaks on the narrow pond. Lake Pauline holds brown trout, rainbow trout, perch, pickerel and a variety of sunfish, making it a favorite fishing hole for children. A variety of waterfowl visit the lake seasonally, and a few ducks and geese call it home the majority of the year, paddling happily along with the kayakers and canoeists.

The Ludlow area is famous as a recreation wonderland. Nearby Okemo Mountain holds one of Vermont’s premier ski resorts, drawing thousands of visitors each year. The area along the Black River holds a variety of craft shops, art galleries, farm markets and antique shops. There is an operational sugaring house right on Lake Pauline next to the highway. The town of Ludlow houses a complex of shops and restaurants in a historic mill downtown. Several public golf courses serve the area. The Calvin Coolidge State Historic Site containing several restored period building is less than ten miles up Route 100.

Outdoor adventures abound near Lake Pauline. In the immediate area, one can find horseback riding stables, hiking on public lands, sledding and cross-country skiing. The VAST snow trails can be accessed less than a mile from Lake Pauline for snowmobile trekking. Okemo State Forest, Plymsbury Wildlife Management Area, Coolidge State Park, Coolidge State Forest and Camp Plymouth State Park can all be accessed within ten miles. All have a variety of hiking, cycling and nature trails to explore. Both kayaks and mountain bikes can be rented nearby. The two state parks offer camping and picnicking. Camp Plymouth on Echo Lake offers boat rentals, swimming and fishing on the lake.

Lake Pauline is the perfect spot for a convenient lake vacation. Vacation rentals can be found both directly on the lakefront and farther afield. Private cottage rentals are common on all of the lakes in the Black River chain. The area holds a number of bed-and-breakfasts, inns and hotels along Route 100. It’s all a matter of deciding which amenities you choose to enjoy. Real estate is available, both as single residences and condos in newer developments. Lake Pauline offers the best of both historic and contemporary attractions and is a great way to spend a weekend or longer. Won’t you come to explore little Lake Pauline? It’ll soon play a big part in your vacation plans!

Things to do at Lake Pauline

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Water Skiing
  • Golf
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Snowmobiling
  • Horseback Riding
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • State Park
  • State Forest
  • Antiquing

Fish species found at Lake Pauline

  • Brown Trout
  • Perch
  • Pickerel
  • Pike
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Sunfish
  • Trout

Lake Pauline Photo Gallery

Lake Pauline Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: Town of Ludlow

Surface Area: 32 acres

Shoreline Length: 2 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 1,077 feet

Maximum Depth: 47 feet

Water Volume: 140 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1920

Drainage Area: 37 sq. miles

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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