Canada Lake, New York, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Mid-Atlantic - New York - Adirondacks -

Set on the southern tip of the Adirondack State Park’s six million acres, Canada Lake presents idyllic beauty with a small town feel. Alone, Canada Lake’s surface area reaches out across 128 acres, though it is connected to both West Lake and Green Lake, making its total acreage roughly 710 acres. Visitors come for the beauty of the northern mountains, while locals stay for the quiet, peaceful serenity.

Canada Lake, located in the central portion of New York in Fulton County, was created for recreational purposes in 1923 by Stewarts Landing Dam. The lake is now owned and operated by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Its waters reach deep below the surface, where the maximum depth is 140 feet and the average depth settled around 70 feet. Over 400 acres of the combined lakes are over 40 feet deep. A public boat launch ramp is located on West Lake, but boaters may navigate through a channel to reach Canada Lake. Small and medium-sized boats are able to pass through a culvert to reach Green Lake to the east.

Most visitors and locals come to enjoy Canada Lake for a variety of recreation reasons, from swimming and wakeboarding in the summer to ice fishing and snowshoeing in the winter. Start your day off at the marina for something fresh from the bakery and to stock up on supplies for a day on the lake. With a backdrop of New York’s Adirondack Mountains, nothing will spoil the scenery during your lake exploration. Paddle out in a canoe or kayak and seek out wildlife along the lake’s shoreline — you might find a loon or two along the edges.

Due to its proximity to the Adirondack State Forest, Canada Lake has a plethora of hiking, camping and mountain biking trails within a few miles distance. The state forest covers approximately six million acres of New York, where one may find secret waterfalls, trickling streams and lakes surrounded by lush landscapes. Camp out in the area during autumn and take in the forest’s kaleidoscope of colors as the sun rises through the red, yellow and gold leaves.

If you are looking for more modern furnishings than a canopy of trees, vacation rentals and real estate are plentiful on Canada Lake’s shoreline. Anglers come specifically for the promising allure of fish within the lake’s depths. Cast out in the early morning fog and you might snag anything from brown bullhead, lake trout, chain pickerel and smallmouth bass to lake whitefish, yellow perch and pumpkinseed. Ice fishing is popular during the winter months when powdery snow blankets the area.

Canada Lake is one area that doesn’t rest during the winter — with ski resorts less than an hour’s drive away, you may find yourself racing down the mountainsides on skis or a snowboard. For a more sedate pace, pick up a trail nearby the lake for a snowshoeing or cross country skiing adventure. Or make your way to the town of Caroga Lake, a few minutes’ drive from Canada Lake. This small town boasts outdoor activities all throughout the year, though coffee shops, lodges and casual dining line the tiny downtown area.

While Canada Lake may be seen as the gateway to the Adirondack State Forest, there is also reason to spend time at this quiet setting. Dust off your mountain bike and pick up speed along the area’s wild trails or push off from the shoreline and explore the lake in a kayak, canoe or your own motorboat. Take your pick but don’t let a visit to Canada Lake get away from you.

Things to do at Canada Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Ice Fishing
  • Boating
  • Swimming
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Wakeboarding
  • Camping
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Waterfall
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • State Park
  • State Forest

Fish species found at Canada Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Brown Bullhead
  • Chain Pickerel
  • Lake Trout
  • Perch
  • Pickerel
  • Pike
  • Pumpkinseed
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Sunfish
  • Trout
  • Whitefish
  • Yellow Perch

Canada Lake Photo Gallery

    Canada Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

    Water Level Control: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

    Surface Area: 128 acres

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 1,549 feet

    Average Depth: 70 feet

    Maximum Depth: 140 feet

    Water Volume: 8,960 acre-feet

    Completion Year: 1923

    Water Residence Time: 0.1 years

    Drainage Area: 42 sq. miles

    Trophic State: Meso-eutrophic

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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