Sam Rayburn Reservoir, Texas, USA
Also known as: Lake Sam Rayburn, McGee Bend Reservoir
Sam Rayburn Reservoir, lovingly called “Big Sam”, and formerly known as McGee Bend Reservoir, is the largest lake which lies completely within Texas. It is a giant lake in the heart of Angelina National Forest, sprawling for more than 114,000 acres over the beautiful Texas Piney Woods tourism region. The reservoir extends for 79 miles and is located about 15 miles north of Jasper.
Sam Rayburn Reservoir was created by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to control flooding along the Angelina River, produce hydroelectric power, and provide water for municipal, industrial, agricultural, and recreational uses. Construction of the dam began in 1956, with impoundment of the Angelina River beginning in 1965. The reservoir filled to its conservation pool level of 164 feet above sea level in 1966. Sam Rayburn Reservoir can hold flood waters up to 179 feet above sea level, although the highest elevation in lake history was 175 feet. Lack of rainfall, coupled with water releases for hydropower generation and water supply to the Lower Neches Valley Authority, contribute to a drop in lake elevation. Lake levels rarely drop below 156 feet.
Sam Rayburn Reservoir has earned the title of one of the south’s hottest fishing lakes. Open water with a maximum depth of 90 feet, plus huge areas of flooded timber, provide a prime fish area. Sam Rayburn Reservoir is touted as one of the premier largemouth bass fisheries in the south and is home to over 300 fishing tournaments each year, including ESPN/BASS Masters, BASS Champs, Wal Mart BFL, FLW Outdoors, Angler’s Quest, BASS Champs, Bass-n-Bucks, McDonald’s Big Bass Splash and numerous others. Catfish, hybrid stripe bass and crappie fishing is also excellent.
Sam Rayburn Reservoir is a nature lover’s lake, scenic and uncluttered by heavy commercial development. It’s not the size that impresses people the most but rather the sheer, breathtaking beauty of it all. Surrounded by rolling green acres of piney forests, Lake Sam Rayburn offers a rural, tranquil scenic setting while making a home for such endangered species as the American bald eagle and the red-cockaded woodpecker. Twenty-two maintained access areas, including parks and private concessions, are located on 560 miles of shoreline around the reservoir. Several marinas are present on the lake, and nearby towns provide all the amenities desired by most people. Recreation areas have camp sites, RV sites, picnic areas, swimming areas, nature trails, and hiking or horseback trails. Boat ramps are available at these areas. Cabins & homes dot the shoreline, but private boat docks are not allowed. With a fluctuation averaging 10 feet annually, some ramps may be unavailable for use when the lake is low, so it’s a good idea to check with local authorities for current water levels and ramp conditions.
Things to do at Sam Rayburn Reservoir
- Vacation Rentals
- Fishing Tournaments
- Cabin Rentals
- Horseback Riding
- National Forest
Fish species found at Sam Rayburn Reservoir
- Black Bass
- Largemouth Bass
Sam Rayburn Reservoir Photo Gallery
Sam Rayburn Reservoir Statistics & Helpful Links
Lake Type: Not Known
Water Level Control: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Surface Area: 114,500 acres
Shoreline Length: 560 miles
Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 164 feet
Minimum Elevation (Min Pond): 151 feet
Maximum Elevation (Max Pond): 175 feet
Average Depth: 20 feet
Maximum Depth: 90 feet
Water Volume: 3,997,600 acre-feet
Completion Year: 1966
Drainage Area: 3,449 sq. miles
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