Lake St. Catherine, Vermont, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - New England - Vermont - Crossroads of Vermont -

Also known as:  Lake St Catherine, Lake Saint Catherine

Lake St. Catherine is a 930-acre lake located in the Crossroads of Vermont tourism region, along Route 30 south of the Town of Poultney. Lake St Catherine is actually a string of lakes: north to south, Lily Pond Lake comes first. This tiny lake drains into the much larger Lake St Catherine. At the south end of Lake St Catherine, a narrow outlet directs water into Little Lake. Finally, the water goes over the small water control dam through Mill Brook Creek and ends up in the Mettawee River. On its journey, water travels through the Lake St Catherine chain and eventually into the south end of Lake Champlain to the delight of all who live and visit here.

Lake St. Catherine has had a string of names since the area was first settled in the 1700s. Old records show that at various times it was identified as Lake Austin, Wells Lake, and St. Augustine Lake. No one knows why it was first named St. Augustine (Austin may be a shortened form of that name); since the chain ends up in the Town of Wells, this temporary name makes sense. However, it’s been Lake St Catherine since 1767. Today, the lake’s name appears three different ways: Lake St. Catherine, Lake St Catherine, and Lake Saint Catherine.

The Lake St. Catherine area was contested territory for some time before the Revolutionary War, being claimed by both New York and New Hampshire. To the north, the Town of Poultney claims Ebenezer Allen, cousin of Ethan Allen as a founding settler. The Green Mountain Boys hailed from these parts and remained staunchly committed to the revolution. Apparently, patriotism is indigenous to the area as Poultney also claimed Horace Greeley who performed his apprenticeship here before going on to conquer the world of news with the New York Times. The Lake St Catherine area quickly became known for the excellent quality of quarried slate and soon supplied many schoolhouse slates and roofing tiles.

Now, Lake Saint Catherine has matured into its permanent role as favorite lakefront to both full-time residents and the many summer visitors. The lakeshore is quite heavily settled, but it still appears spacious due to both tree cover and the fact many lots are quite large. On the northeast side of the lake, Lake St. Catherine State Park provides 117 acres of swimming, hiking and camping. A public boat launch is available for the many fishermen who enjoy not only the large lake, but the two smaller lakes that provide excellent weed cover. A second boat launch is available at the bridge that divides the main lake from Little Lake. Due to the lake’s size, both a warm-water and cold-water fishery exist, allowing a wide variety of fish to be caught, including Brook Trout, Brown Trout, Lake Trout, Rainbow Trout, Smelt, Perch, Northern Pike, Crappie, Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Panfish and Catfish. In the winter, fishermen eagerly await enough ice to slide the shanty out for winter fishing comfort. The lake is the location of the annual Frosty Derby ice fishing contest held every February.

Residents and summer visitors alike enjoy boating, sailing, windsurfing, jet skiing, kayaking, canoeing, and waterskiing. Nearby, hiking and bicycling trails, bird and wildlife watching provide loads of entertainment for the nature lover. A nesting pair of Bald Eagles has called Lake St Catherine home for the past few years. More citified entertainments may be found in Wells and Poultney. Poultney has museums, including the slate quarrying museum and several historic buildings that will interest history buffs. Antiquing is always popular: all sorts of interesting one-of-a-kind artifacts can be found in local barns and hidden in small shops. Those feeling the need for a little more active nightlife find Lake St. Catherine is only 30 miles from Rutland.

The entire Green Mountains are at your fingertips from Lake Saint Catherine. Book a vacation rental, and come for a visit. Stay awhile-maybe forever.

Things to do at Lake St. Catherine

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Ice Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Jet Skiing
  • Water Skiing
  • Camping
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • State Park
  • Museum
  • Antiquing

Fish species found at Lake St. Catherine

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Brook Trout
  • Brown Trout
  • Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Lake Trout
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Northern Pike
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Smelt
  • Trout

Lake St. Catherine Photo Gallery

    Lake St. Catherine Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Dammed

    Water Level Control: Vermont Department of Fish & Wildlife

    Surface Area: 930 acres

    Shoreline Length: 9 miles

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 486 feet

    Average Depth: 37 feet

    Maximum Depth: 68 feet

    Water Volume: 33,448 acre-feet

    Trophic State: Mesotrophic

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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