Lake Redman & Lake Williams, Pennsylvania, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Mid-Atlantic - Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania Dutch Country -

Also known as:  Redman Reservoir, Williams Reservoir

Two reservoirs in quick succession in Pennsylvania Dutch Country, Lake Redman and Lake Williams provide tons of fun and outdoor recreation to residents in the York, Pennsylvania area. The two reservoirs provide water supply to the City of York and are surrounded by parkland filled with trails, boat launches and picnic areas. Lake Williams, with 220 acres of surface area, was constructed in 1913 when a dam was built across the East Branch of Codorus Creek. The dam was rebuilt and enlarged in 1954 to supply more water. That soon proved not to be enough for the growing area, so a second dam was built above the first in 1967 to create 290-acre Lake Redman. The two reservoirs hold over 2.3 billion gallons of water. During dry periods, a pipe can bring additional water into the reservoirs from the Susquehanna River. The County of York leases the shoreline from the York Water Company to provide park lands and fishing.

A large park completely surrounds Lake Redman and Lake Williams. William H Kain County Park contains 1637 acres. Both lakes have boat launch ramps, although no gasoline motors are allowed. One of the two boat ramp areas on Lake Redman has a boat rental concession which rents row boats, canoes, kayaks, and paddle boats to encourage locals to enjoy the lake. Because of the dam between them, boats from Lake Redman cannot reach Lake Williams. Lake Redman is thus more utilized than Lake Williams because of the availability of the rental boats. This makes Lake Williams the more popular choice for many fishermen who enjoy the quieter lake ringed by forest. The Pennsylvania Fish Commission has designated both as big bass lakes and stocks them regularly. Crappy, sunfish, pike, striped bass, walleye, northern pike, channel catfish and muskie are also caught. Anglers must be licensed to fish in Pennsylvania and follow all of the standard rules. Thirty acres near the Lake Redman Dam are off-limits to boats and reserved as a bird sanctuary area. Boats are also restricted from an area where Codorus Creek enters Lake Redman.

The boat rental concession area on the southwest shore of Lake Redman is also home to picnic shelters, picnic tables with grills, playground, volleyball court, and restrooms. A corresponding activity area on Lake Williams holds picnic tables, restrooms and a boat launch. Over 12 miles of marked trails within the park are available for hiking, mountain biking and horseback riding. Park rangers sometime prohibit bikes and horses from accessing the trails in wet conditions to avoid damage. A 350-foot walking deck and a quarter mile gravel loop trail are ADA accessible and stroller friendly. The deck offers a great view of the backwaters of Lake Redman, providing excellent opportunities for birding enthusiasts. A variety of waterfowl can be viewed from the deck, especially during the spring and fall migrations. Nearby a radio-controlled aircraft landing strip is provided for members of a local radio control club.

Adjacent William H Kain County Park, a second park offers even more trails and activities. The Richard M Nixon County Park holds a 14,000-square-foot Nature Center and a number of special-focus trails such as the Geology Trail and the Upland Hardwood Trail. The Nature Center features a working honey bee hive, live snakes, bird observation window, diorama exhibits of environments from around the world and nature-related artwork. On Sundays from April to October, naturalists guide walks and present related programs. Trails from the William H Kain Park connect to those within Nixon Park, although horses and mountain bikes are not permitted. The nature-themed park is an idea stop for a day spent at Lake Redman and Lake Williams. The little Borough of Jacobus to the south of the lakes has occasional festivals and events that draw visitors from the parks into town. There are also a couple of hotels and a bed & breakfast near Jacobus for visitors wishing to make a weekend out of visiting Lake Redman and Lake Williams.

Only five miles north of the two lakes, the City of York is a historical treasure disguised as a modern city. York was the first ‘capital’ of the new United States. The Articles of Confederation were signed at the Courthouse in 1777 by the Second Continental Congress. Later replaced by the Constitution, the Articles of Confederation formally created the United States of America. York was an established city by the time the Continental Congress met. Numerous historical buildings have been preserved by the York County Heritage Trust and provide a hands-on history lesson to children. Besides the Colonial Courthouse, the Golden Plough Tavern, General Horatio Gates House, Barnett Bobb Log Home and others form an 18th century museum complex including York’s oldest building.

York is proud of its history and makes a strong effort to preserve it. One location most visitors enjoy is the 100-year-old Central Market, a farmers’ market with many vendors, performances and special events scheduled. A number of collections of historical interest are available, including the Agricultural & Industrial Museum of York County, Police Heritage Museum displaying 250 years of law enforcement history, and the Fire Museum of York County featuring 200 years of firefighting equipment. So if a planned visit to Lake Redman and Lake Williams should get rained out, there are other venues nearby to entertain the entire family.

There is no available real estate directly on either Lake Redman or Lake Williams. There are often homes for sale in the Jacobus area or the surrounding countryside. The reservoirs are just off Interstate 83, making them convenient to reach from either Baltimore or Harrisburg. This long-settled area of Pennsylvania holds many small inns, motels and guest cottages, often near historic battlefields from both the American Revolution and the Civil War. Only 30 miles from Gettysburg, the old Lincoln Highway out of York offers a variety of small lodgings that will fill any need. The entire area is perfect for a family vacation. Make the trip to historic York and make sure to stop and rent a kayak or canoe to enjoy the two lakes. You’ll come to appreciate them as much as the local residents do.

*Statistics listed are for Lake Redman only. Statistics for Lake Williams are as follows: average depth-13 feet, maximum depth-36 feet, elevation approximately 454 feet, shoreline-4 miles, water residence-37 days.

Things to do at Lake Redman & Lake Williams

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Horseback Riding
  • Birding
  • Museum
  • Playground

Fish species found at Lake Redman & Lake Williams

  • Bass
  • Catfish
  • Channel Catfish
  • Muskellunge
  • Northern Pike
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Striped Bass
  • Sunfish
  • Walleye

Lake Redman & Lake Williams Photo Gallery

Lake Redman & Lake Williams Statistics & Helpful Links

divider

Spread the word! Share our Lake Redman & Lake Williams article with your fellow Lake Lubbers!

Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


Lakes for Vacation and Recreation

Except as noted, Copyright © LakeLubbers LLC. All Rights Reserved.