Lake Alan Henry, Texas, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Southwest - Texas - Panhandle Plains -

Also known as:  Alan Henry Reservoir

Lake Alan Henry, also known as Alan Henry Reservoir, is located in the Texas Panhandle Plains Region, about 45 miles south of Lubbock and four miles east of Justiceburg. Managed and operated by the City of Lubbock, Lake Alan Henry is a popular water oasis during long hot summers. The reservoir was created with the John T. Montford Dam, which was constructed in 1993 on the Double Mountain Fork of the Brazos River to provide future drinking water for the City of Lubbock.

A relatively new lake, the shoreline of Lake Alan Henry presents a pristine view with recent real estate development. Opportunities for a home on the lake are very good as new projects are being developed each year. In order to allow public access, the City of Lubbock purchased 580 acres along the shoreline and created the Sam Wahl Recreation Area. There is a four-lane boat ramp open all year and courtesy docks along the shore. Facilities include primitive campsites, self-contained RV campsites, restrooms, handicap access, parking, picnic areas, and hiking.

Sam Wahl Wildlife Mitigation Area, also part of Lake Alan Henry, was set aside to enhance wildlife habitat in the Texas Panhandle. Due to the flooding of approximately 3,000 acres of existing wildlife habitat, management of this area was required. There is limited access to the wildlife area for hiking, nature photography, and wildlife observation, but you must get advance permission from the City of Lubbock to visit the wildlife mitigation area.

Fish for largemouth bass, which are the most prevalent species in Alan Henry Reservoir. Several lunker-size (13 pounds or larger) fish have been caught and entered in the Budweiser ShareLunker program. In additional to largemouth, Lake Alan Henry is stocked with Alabama spotted bass, crappie, channel catfish, and flathead catfish. Check the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department website for special fishing regulations on black bass and spotted bass. Because the lake is very narrow and the shoreline very steep, it’s best to fish along the shore under the rock structures and in the flooded timber for your best chance at landing that next lunker.

Lake Alan Henry extends 11 miles through the rocky sides of the Brazos River channel with 56 miles of shoreline. Besides being one of the premier bass fishing lakes in Texas, Lake Alan Henry offers boating, jet skiing, water skiing, camping, hunting, birding, hiking, and wildlife viewing. Future plans for the lake area include a visitor’s center, improved camping areas, and hiking trails to complete the Recreational Trail. The trail provides benches and interpretive nature signs for visitors. The overlook near the main park road is the highest point in the park and offers great views of Alan Henry Reservoir and the surrounding area.

Lubbock, only 45 miles north, is home to Texas Tech University and the Buddy Holly Center. Also in Lubbock are the Wind Power Museum and the Silent Wings Museum (a museum that honors the U.S. Army Air Forces Glider Program), and vacation rentals.

Lake Alan Henry, with its remote location and distinct terrain, offers some of the best bass fishing, the most rugged trails, and the most beautiful scenery in the Texas Panhandle. Camp near the lake and watch as the wide Texas Plains stretch on forever and ever.

Things to do at Lake Alan Henry

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Jet Skiing
  • Water Skiing
  • Camping
  • Picnicking
  • Hiking
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • Museum

Fish species found at Lake Alan Henry

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Catfish
  • Channel Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Flathead Catfish
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Spotted Bass

Lake Alan Henry Photo Gallery

    Lake Alan Henry Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

    Water Level Control: City of Lubbock

    Surface Area: 2,880 acres

    Shoreline Length: 56 miles

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 2,220 feet

    Minimum Elevation (Min Pond): 0 feet

    Maximum Elevation (Max Pond): 2,263 feet

    Average Depth: 40 feet

    Maximum Depth: 90 feet

    Water Volume: 115,937 acre-feet

    Completion Year: 2004

    Drainage Area: 394 sq. miles

    Trophic State: Eutrophic

    At LakeLubbers.com, we strive to keep our information as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but if you’ve found something in this article that needs updating, we’d certainly love to hear from you!
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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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