Eagle Mountain Lake, Texas, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - Southwest - Texas - Prairies and Lakes -

Also known as:  Eagle Mountain Reservoir

Eagle Mountain Lake was created to alleviate two contradictory problems: periodic flooding along the Trinity River and a looming water shortage in Fort Worth. One of a series of flood control dams built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, the Eagle Mountain Dam was constructed across the West Branch of the Trinity River between Eagle Mountain and Burgess Gap. Completed in 1932, the reservoir was filled in 1934 and in the 70 years of its existence, the resulting Eagle Mountain Lake has come to offer far more to local residents. Indeed, the many visitors to Eagle Mountain Lake see it as a favorite boating and water sports destination without giving much thought to its original purpose. Now owned and operated by the Tarrant Regional Water District, its shoreline displays elegant homes who prize their water views and enjoy easy access to the lake. Located an easy 20 minutes from downtown Fort Worth, Eagle Mountain Lake has spawned several marinas that offer access and boating services to the public.

With nearly 9000 acres of water surface and 60 miles of shoreline, the sprawling reservoir provides a watery pallet for a variety of waterborne delights. Early on, a group of Fort Worth business owners established the Fort Worth Boat Club on nearby Lake Worth. Activities naturally gravitated to the new, larger Eagle Mountain Lake where the club still focuses on sailing. The lake is home to several yearly regattas and a regular stop on the Texas Yacht Racing circuit. Local sailors cruise the lake on every possible day with a decent breeze. The lake also provides wakeboarding, water skiing, tubing, canoeing, kayaking and pontooning.

Several annual events such as the Christmas Raft Parade and the Eagle Mountain Lake Tie-up are can’t-be-missed events to a loyal crowd of fans. Friends meet here most summer weekends for impromptu boating get-togethers and parties. Marinas rent boats and offer all possible amenities to boaters, along with providing wet slips, dry slips, trailer storage, a stocked ship store, gas dock, and 24-hour security. Lakeside restaurants and bars offer dock access, meals and refreshments to thirsty lakelubbers. A floating restaurant near the south shore is an added attraction. Eagle Mountain Lake also has lodging facilities along the shoreline.

Some marinas offer camping space for tents or RVs. A small camp on the northeast shore provides camping space or rustic cabins and rents kayaks. All offer water access and boat launching. Fishing is a big draw to Eagle Mountain Lake with catches of largemouth bass, spotted bass, channel catfish, white bass and white crappie. Texas Parks and Wildlife has stocked the lake with Florida largemouth bass in the past which appear to be thriving. The crappie make it a habit to hang out in the shadow of the many private docks and boathouses, making this an excellent spot for the youngsters to catch ‘the big one’. The many arms along the irregular, elongated reservoir provide for plenty of still-fishing opportunities. These same areas offer swimming spots and wildlife watching opportunities for canoes, kayaks and pontoons.

Eagle Mountain Lake is unusual in that there is no large state park along its shores. Instead, the nearby town of Azle maintains two park areas abutting the southwest arm of the lake. Here can be found playgrounds, picnic areas, a fishing dock, boat launch, volleyball and basketball courts and a soccer field. On the northeast bank of the lake, the 400-acre Eagle Mountain Park holds a nice selection of walking trails in a natural setting. Several housing developments on and near the lake have been carefully designed to keep the lake’s appearance as natural as possible. There are even condo developments nearby that allow for easy access to the reservoir.

The towns of Azle, Pelican Bay and Newark provide all of the necessary services and supplies for visitors to spend carefree days at the lake. With the Fort Worth-Dallas Metroplex about 30 minutes away, big-city activities can round out the perfect vacation at Eagle Mountain Lake. Between the lake and Lake Worth along the Trinity River, the Fort Worth Nature Center and Refuge offers the opportunity to view wildlife from boardwalks across wetlands harboring numerous species, including alligators. Near the north end of the reservoir, the River Valley Motocross Park provides tons of fun for racing enthusiasts, a well-kept track and a family-oriented atmosphere. Fort Worth holds several water parks, a major amusement park and dozens of smaller attractions from rodeos to the Fort Worth Museum of Science and History. Golfers won’t even have to leave the lake to enjoy a great public course at ‘The Refuge’, an exclusive golf course-centered development. Other golf courses are nearby. Shopping venues abound, and no member of the family will ever be bored.

In addition to several campgrounds and rental cabins, some private home rentals are also available. All types of lodgings are found in the area surrounding the lake, from quaint bed-and-breakfasts to small motels, with large chain hotels near Fort Worth. Real estate is available in all price ranges, with building lots and existing housing for sale on the lake itself. Apartments, condos and townhouses can be found in the lakeside communities, with excellent schools and city amenities. Eagle Mountain Lake provides the best of both worlds: city lights and laid-back country hospitality.

Things to do at Eagle Mountain Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Water Skiing
  • Wakeboarding
  • Tubing
  • Golf
  • Camping
  • Campground
  • Picnicking
  • Cabin Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • State Park
  • Museum
  • Playground
  • Amusement Park
  • Shopping

Fish species found at Eagle Mountain Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Catfish
  • Channel Catfish
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Spotted Bass
  • White Bass
  • White Crappie

Eagle Mountain Lake Photo Gallery

Eagle Mountain Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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Lake Type: Artificial Reservoir, Dammed

Water Level Control: Tarrant Regional Water District

Surface Area: 8,697 acres

Shoreline Length: 60 miles

Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 649 feet

Maximum Depth: 47 feet

Water Volume: 179,880 acre-feet

Completion Year: 1934

Drainage Area: 1,970 sq. miles

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Trophic State | LakeLubbers

Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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Completion Year | LakeLubbers

This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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Water Volume | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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Average Depth | LakeLubbers

This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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Surface Area | LakeLubbers

This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

"Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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Lake Type | LakeLubbers

There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

- A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

- A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

- A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

"Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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