Alpine Lake, West Virginia, USA

Lake Locations:

USA - South - West Virginia - Mountaineer Country -

Nestled in the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains, Alpine Lake is a private, gated community located near Terra Alta in Preston County, West Virginia. The community surrounds a 148-acre lake fed by springs and mountain streams. Here, property owners and their guests can boat and fish and boat to their heart’s content. Although a private community, guests of a motel on the premises and Preston County residents may use the lake.

Alpine Lake is located approximately one hour from Morgantown, West Virginia and 15 minutes from Oakland, and Mountain Lake Park, Maryland. In the 1930s, the heavily-wooded, hilly property was used as a hunting and fishing club owned by Arlie Hull. At that time, Hull Lake consisted of just 65 acres. Development of the 2,300-acre community began in the 1960s. Several hundred half-acre lots now surround the tranquil lake which had been dammed and expanded to 148 acres and renamed Alpine Lake. Currently, just under 500 homes have been built at Alpine Lake. For many residents, Alpine Lake offers a second, vacation home, allowing for weekend escapes from the city. Other owners are retired and live in the beautiful mountain community year-round or during the summer months. Baltimore, Washington, D.C., and Pittsburgh are all within a three-hour drive of the lake.

To preserve the peaceful mountain setting, gasoline-powered boats are not permitted on Alpine Lake. Anglers can fish from shore or take a canoe, kayak or rowboat out on the water. Sailboats are also encouraged. The lake is routinely stocked with crappie, yellow perch, and rainbow trout measuring 15 to 18 inches and weighing up to two pounds. Largemouth bass, smallmouth bas and bluegill can also be found in the lake. A sandy beach provides the perfect spot to relax and soak up the sun. A large boathouse near the beach is often used for meetings, recreation, dances, and cookouts.

In addition to the sparkling lake, residents and guests of Alpine Lake have access to an 18 hole golf course (open to the public), a large community lodge with a restaurant and bar, a motel, tennis courts, miniature golf, and extensive hiking, biking and cross-country skiing trails. The relatively high altitude (2,800 ft above sea level) tends to keep summer temperatures moderate. Winters can be severe, with lots of snow and cold temperatures. Winter sports lovers will enjoy making tracks into the white beauty of the Allegheny Mountains.

Outdoor enthusiasts visiting Alpine Lake may wish to spend a day at Garrett State Forest, just over the border in Maryland. The 7,000-acre forest offers trails for hiking, horseback riding, snowmobiling and cross country skiing along with campsites, a waterfall, hunting, and fishing.

South of Alpine Lake, the Monongahela National Forest covers some of the highest ridges in the state. The elevation of the Forest ranges from just under 1,000 feet to 4,863 feet. Visitors to this beautiful area can enjoy breathtaking views, peaceful country roads, flowing streams, and glimpses of the many species of plants and animals that inhabit the Forest. The Forest covers more than 919,000 acres in 10 counties in the highlands of West Virginia. Recreational opportunities abound for hiking, biking, climbing, fishing, camping, horseback riding, hunting, wildlife viewing, scenic driving, snowmobiling, cross country skiing, and just a leisurely stroll through the trees. Approximately 1.3 million people visit the Forest each year.

South of Alpine Lake, Coopers Rock State Forest is a great place to hike, climb and enjoy some gorgeous views. Overlooks throughout the park line the Cheat River Gorge. A maze of enormous boulders, cliffs and trails will delight the outdoor adventurer. A dam on Glade Run forms a 6-acre pond that is regularly stocked with trout. The quiet hiker may encounter squirrels, chipmunks, hawks, owls, turkeys, fox and deer throughout the 12,713 acres of forest. White water rafting on the Cheat River is a great way to cool off on a hot summer day.

In addition to homes for rent at Alpine Lake, other vacation rentals can be found in the nearby towns of Kingwood and Morgantown and over the border in Oakland, and Mountain Lake Park, Maryland. Cabins, lodges and campsites can be found in the state forests near the lake. Real estate for purchase at Alpine Lake and in the towns throughout the area is also available.

With the magnificent Allegheny Mountains as a backdrop, there’s no end to the adventures you’ll find at Alpine Lake. From rafting and climbing in the spring and summer, to fall hunting and fishing, to winter snowmobiling and cross country skiing, Alpine Lake has something for everyone.

Things to do at Alpine Lake

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Swimming
  • Beach
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Whitewater Rafting
  • Golf
  • Tennis
  • Camping
  • Cabin Rentals
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Cross-Country Skiing
  • Snowmobiling
  • Horseback Riding
  • Hunting
  • Waterfall
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • Birding
  • State Forest
  • National Forest
  • Miniature Golf

Fish species found at Alpine Lake

  • Bass
  • Black Bass
  • Bluegill
  • Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Perch
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Sunfish
  • Trout
  • Yellow Perch

Alpine Lake Photo Gallery

    Alpine Lake Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Dammed

    Water Level Control: Alpine Lake Property Owners Association

    Surface Area: 148 acres

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 2,800 feet

    Completion Year: 1965

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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