Lake Niegocin, Warmia-Masuria, Poland

Lake Locations:

Poland - Northern Poland - Warmia-Masuria -

Also known as:  Niegocin Lake

Located in an area dubbed “a land of a thousand lakes,” Lake Niegocin is one of more than 2,000 lakes in the Masurian Lake District of northeastern Poland. Lake Niegocin is a freshwater lake formed from melted ice blocks when glaciers retreated. The Masurian Lakeland is a spectacular tourist area filled with lakes that are connected by navigable rivers and channels. Lake Niegocin, part of the Big Lakes Trail, is connected directly or indirectly to more than eight lakes (Lake Kisajno, Lake Tajty, Grajewko Lake, Nalk Duzy Lake, Nalk Maly Lake, Wonjo Lake, Boczne Lake, and Jogodne Lake). With scenic boat tours and aquatic activities, it is easy to see why Lake Niegocin holds great touristic value to Poland and the Masurian Lakeland.

With a depth reaching to nearly 128 feet, Lake Niegocin is home to a variety of fish species such as whitefish, pike, perch and pikeperch, roach, tench, crucian carp, bream and white bream, and smelt. You can spend the day on the lake boating, fishing, canoeing, kayaking, and enjoying the scenic views. The landscape in the Masurian area is diversified with rocky valleys along steep-sided hills, troughs, and large synclines (sloped stratified rock) carved by prehistoric glaciers. In the early Middle Ages the area was blanketed by impassable woods that have shrunk substantially over the years due to human settlement. The most valuable areas of forest are protected by several landscape parks and one national park, and the Masurian area still has more wooded terrain, water and lakes than any other region in Poland.

The Piska Forest can be found in the Masurian area and is the second largest forest in Europe. The forest is covered with pine trees and a small mixture of birch, aspen, and oak. The Polish primeval forest was the perfect getaway hundreds of years ago for thugs and robbers who found a haven in the thick forest, among bogs and lakes. Today, however, the Piska Forest is full of enticing places such as the forester’s lodge, home to Masurian cultural events including concerts, performances, and meetings with writers and poets. Lake Luknajno in the Piska Forest has a reserve that is one of the largest breeding grounds in Europe with species such as the mute swan. The forest is also home to white stork, their nests abundant in many villages, as well as elk and Polish horses that roam freely. Take the time to hike, bike, and view the wildlife in the forest.

At the northern port of Lake Niegocin is the bustling town of Gizycko. Absolutely brimming with history and recreational activities, Gizycko is known as “the summer capital of Poland.” One of Gizycko’s most valuable and historical attractions is the Boyen Fortress. The fortress is one of the best preserved monuments of 19th century Prussian-school fortification in Poland. Constructed between 1846 and 1855, the Boyen Fortress is complete with a dry moat and two-element gates with neo-gothic details. The fortress boasts that it was never conquered and now serves as a summer entertainment center. From castles to neo-classic churches, Gizycko provides every tourist with a taste of historic Poland. Spend the day on one of the many guided water tours and dine at a Polish restaurant, cafe, or pub. Take time to enjoy the night-long summer discos, music gigs, and performances on the shore of Lake Niegocin. Gizycko is a year-round vacationer’s dream with horseback riding, fishing, camping, dining, ice boating, and plenty of hotels and holiday houses to accommodate all of your family and friends. Lake Niegocin suffered from high phosphorous levels that were brought to attention in the mid-1990s, but with a modernized wastewater treatment plant at Gizycko, the ecology of the lake has greatly improved.

Another attractive town near Lake Niegocin is Mikolajki known as “the Pearl of Masuria.” The town has the busiest waterfront in the Masurian Lakeland. There are hundreds of colorful yachts, motor boats, and pleasure boats available for tourists to cruise on the nearby lakes. The town is well known for its lively Sailor’s Village with many popular tavernas. The winter months bring visitors for the highly popular sport of ice-sailing.

Whether you’re looking for real estate properties or vacation resorts, Lake Niegocin is an excellent place to be. There are many holiday cottages, shops, and eateries for everyone to enjoy.

Things to do at Lake Niegocin

  • Vacation Rentals
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Sailing
  • Canoeing
  • Kayaking
  • Camping
  • Hiking
  • Horseback Riding
  • Wildlife Viewing
  • National Park

Fish species found at Lake Niegocin

  • Carp
  • Perch
  • Pike
  • Pike Perch
  • Roach
  • Smelt
  • Tench
  • Whitefish

Lake Niegocin Photo Gallery

    Lake Niegocin Statistics & Helpful Links

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    Lake Type: Natural Freshwater Lake, Not Dammed

    Surface Area: 6,425 acres

    Normal Elevation (Full Pond): 381 feet

    Average Depth: 32 feet

    Maximum Depth: 128 feet

    Water Volume: 209,587 acre-feet

    Water Residence Time: 3.7

    Drainage Area: 125 sq. miles

    Trophic State: Eutrophic

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    Trophic State | LakeLubbers

    Trophic State measures the level of algae and nutrients in a lake.

    An oligotrophic lake is very clear (blue in color) and does not support much plant or fish life. A hyper-oligotrophic lake is the clearest of all lakes, and is nearly devoid of plants and fish.

    A mesotrophic lake is slightly green and supports a moderate degree of plant and fish life. A lake's most desired trophic state is generally this mid-point - the mesotrophic state.

    A eutrophic lake is somewhat murky and supports a large amount of plant and fish life. A hypereutrophic lake is clouded with algae, plant life, and fish life. A eutrophic or hyper-eutrophic lake can be difficult to navigate by boat - and is often an unpleasant place to swim.

    The use of phosphorus-rich and nitrogen-rich fertilizer on lawns and golf courses surrounding a lake can cause it to become eutrophic or hypereutrophic.


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    Catchment or Drainage Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the surrounding area that drains into a lake, including land, rivers and their tributaries. This is also known as the lake's "catchment basin".

    Small lakes at the highest peaks of mountains have small drainage areas. The world's oceans have the largest drainage areas.


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    Lake-Area Population | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated number of people who live in a house with a view of a lake, plus those who self-describe the lake as their home, for example: "I live at Smith Mountain Lake."


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    Water Residence Time | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated time that it takes for an amount of water equal to the entire volume of a lake to flow out of - or evaporate from - the lake.

    Residence Time can be as short as a few days for fast-flowing small lakes, and can exceed 100 years for slow-flowing large lakes.


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    Completion Year | LakeLubbers

    This is the year that a reservoir was first filled to the reservoir's normal elevation - or the year that a natural lake was first dammed. A large reservoir can take more than a year to fill after its dam is first closed.

    The Grand Anicut in southern India is generally considered the world's oldest dam that still operates. Grand Anicut was constructed in the second century BC. It now impounds an irrigation network that includes roughly one million acres.

    You can find many of the the world's newest reservoirs on LakeLubbers. Many of the world's oldest reservoirs appear on the last page of that list.


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    Water Volume | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated volume of water that a lake contains -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. By this measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal.

    You can find many of the the world's largest lakes (by water volume) on LakeLubbers.

    Water Volume can be measured in acre-feet, in cubic miles, or in cubic kilometers. One acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre (43,560 square feet) to a depth of one foot. One cubic mile equals 3,379,200 acre-feet. One cubic kilometer equals 810,713 acre-feet.

    1 acre-foot is equal to 325,851 US gallons. Siberia's Lake Baikal contains about 6,276,367,740,000,000 gallons of freshwater - nearly 1 million gallons for every living person on earth.

    The other - and more widely used - measure of a lake's size is the lake's surface acreage. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is North America's Lake Superior.


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    Maximum Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated greatest depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. The world's deepest lake is Siberia's Lake Baikal; that lake's maximum depth is estimated at 5,314 feet.

    You can find many of the the world's deepest lakes on LakeLubbers. If you select the last page of that list, you will find the (maximum depth of) the shallowest lakes in our database.


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    Average Depth | LakeLubbers

    This is the estimated average depth of the water in a lake -- measured at the lake's normal elevation. If the water volume and surface area of a lake are known, an estimate of the lake's average depth can be calculated:

    Water volume ÷ Surface Area = Average Depth

    Example: 1,000,000 acre-feet ÷ 20,000 acres = 50 feet average depth


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    Maximum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's highest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can occur during flooding. A lake's highest possible maximum elevation is usually the top of the lake's dam or spillway.

    At lakes that include residential development, government regulations usually forbid the construction of homes below a lake's maximum elevation.


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    Minimum Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's lowest water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level, that can be reasonably expected to occur. Low lake levels can occur due to deliberate seasonal draw downs for irrigation or impending snow melt, reduced water inflows, drought and evaporation, residential or commercial water demands, and hydropower generation.

    Some lakes' minimum and maximum elevations are virtually the same. Lakes that generate hydropower may vary by several feet - according to power demand. Lakes whose primary purpose is to prevent flooding can seasonally vary by 100 feet or more.

    When some lakes reach their minimum elevation, their boat ramps may not be long enough to permit boat access - and boats docked on shallow parts of the lake may end up on dry ground. In those cases, kayakers and shore-based anglers may be among the few happy recreational users of the lake.


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    Normal Elevation | LakeLubbers

    This is a lake's normal water level, measured by the lake's surface distance above sea level. For a reservoir, this water level is also known as "full pond" or "full pool".

    You can find many of the world's highest-elevated lakes on LakeLubbers. Lakes with the lowest elevations (known by LakeLubbers) are shown on the final page of that list.


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    Shoreline Length | LakeLubbers

    This is the length of the exterior shoreline around a lake - measured at the lake's normal elevation. The shoreline length can be considerably shorter or longer when lake water levels are lower or higher than normal.

    A lake with many coves has a much longer shoreline than a lake of similar surface area that is nearly circular in shape.

    When known, the shoreline miles that we report in our statistics include only the lake's exterior shoreline, and exclude the shorelines of islands located within a lake's boundaries. In lakes with many islands, those islands' combined shorelines may exceed a lake's exterior shoreline.

    You can find many of the world's longest-shoreline lakes on Lakelubbers.


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    Surface Area | LakeLubbers

    This is the area (acreage, square kilometers, etc.) of the top surface area of a lake - measured at a lake's normal elevation. The surface area can be considerably smaller or larger when lake levels are lower or higher than normal. North America's Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake by this measure.

    The other measure of a lake's size is the lake's water volume. By that measure, the world's largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia.

    You can find many of the world's largest lakes (acres) on Lakelubbers. There is no widely-accepted minimum surface area that defines a lake. What Lakelubbers describes as a lake, you might call a pond. The smallest lake that Lakelubbers currently includes is Hawaii's 2-acre Lake Waiau.


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    Water Level Control | LakeLubbers

    This is the organization that controls water releases or outflows from the lake or reservoir. In the USA, this is often the US Army Corps of Engineers, a power company, a municipal water system, an irrigation district, or a paper manufacturing company. In the case of private or gated lakes, a homeowners' association may be the lake's controlling authority.

    Many lakes cross borders, including North America's Great Lakes. The control of such lakes and their coveted freshwater may be amicably shared - or hotly disputed.

    "Water wars" continue at many lakes as growing populations and crop irrigation needs compete for the freshwater that lakes contain.


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    Lake Type | LakeLubbers

    There are 3 basic types of lakes that are currently included on LakeLubbers. 2 types may be dammed or not dammed, producing 5 classifications.

    - A Reservoir is a man-made freshwater lake that is usually created by damming rivers.

    - A Natural Freshwater Lake occurs naturally - often by glacial activity - and has a salinity of less than 30 parts per thousand. It may be dammed to produce electricity or for other reasons.

    - A Natural Saltwater Lake occurs naturally and has a salinity of more than 30 parts per thousand (ppt). It may be dammed.

    "Brackish" water may be categorized as freshwater or saltwater, depending on its salt content (salinity). Oligohaline water has less than 15 ppt of salt. Mesohaline water has 15-29 ppt. Polyhaline has 30-335 ppt.


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